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Vie et métier des pêcheurs de Ροrt-en-Βessin : une communauté de marins en mutation, 1792-1945.

Abstract : In a dissertation level, inshore occupations have been often given little attention compared to the French deep-sea fishing. Therefore, this halieutic life and activities research of littlefishermen community in Port-en-Bessin, could be inscribed in a air short historiography ofoutports wet fishery craft. Nevertheless, traditional port fishing, asserts itself during thesecond part of 19th century simultaneously to the great ports industrial fisheries. This up untilthen subsistence activity moves to a commercial level.The research and analysis leaded to this dissertation, enable to understand, how this littleNormand haven provided only with some small boats in 1792, becomes on the cusp of WW2the major port of Caen. Actually in order to keep their occupation longevity and despite thefinancial, environmental and political hazards, the seafarer community has managed to getused to them by taking on technical and social changes, unlike nearby fishing stations.Moreover, this study outlines a seafarers category, the skipper ship-owners. They seemparticularly prone to accept innovation leading the whole of the community to the halieuticfinancial success of small ports, whilst keeping the activity’s essentials such as the “sharedwage”system. Lastly, regardless of the era and long way from the miserabilism often evoked,Port-en-Bessin fishermen made good use of the most difficult circumstances in order to keeptheir “material comfort” and get even some affluence.
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Marie-Pierre Labonne. Vie et métier des pêcheurs de Ροrt-en-Βessin : une communauté de marins en mutation, 1792-1945.. Histoire. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMC036⟩. ⟨tel-02324614v2⟩

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