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L’accès au sens en lecture et la production à l’écrit : aptitudes et lacunes des collégiens et lycéens du Mali

Abstract : From the colonial era to our days, the malian school system has gone through various evolutions and changes throughout the course of History. Nonethless, the standards for quality education are still yet to be met. The deterioration of students’academic skills has been generating over the years a growing wave of disapproval from both students’ parents and teachers, while the media and the government keep hiding behind flattering but untruthful success indicators, in an atmosphere of self-delusion.This thesis, called « THE ACCESS TO MEANING IN READING AND WRITTEN PRODUCTION : APTITUDES AND DEFICIENCIES OF MIDDLE AND HIGH SCHOOL MALIAN STUDEN TS », offers a perspective on a concrete issue : the struggle of malian students to acquire the skill of understanding oral and/or written information, both in reading and writing context. Highlighting several possibilities regarding the causes of this phenomenon, this work of observation, description and analysis aims to shed light on this very specific issue. Students difficulties to acquire reading and writing skills will be shown to be at the root of elevated failure rates and subsequent social and professional difficulties man students will face at the end of their school years.This research was conducted on a sample of 120 students and 25 teachers registered in 3 middle schools and 3 high schools in Bamako, Koulikoro and Mopti. The analysis is based on the hypothesis that both middle school and high school students know how to decipher written signs. However, we will show that, on some level, a majority of them is unable to truly get access to the meaning of words and sentences, and thus are not in capacity of producing neither meaningful, nor coherent texts.The data, gathered through surveys, oral and written tests, will allow us to determine to what extent the observed population is able to get access to information through reading, and will help us evaluate their ability to produce a written text making sense. Through the analysis of this same sample, we will demonstrate the correlation between the social and economic conditions of the parents and the writing skills of the students.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 18, 2019 - 1:19:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02319935, version 1

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Mamadou Diallo. L’accès au sens en lecture et la production à l’écrit : aptitudes et lacunes des collégiens et lycéens du Mali. Linguistique. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2038⟩. ⟨tel-02319935⟩

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