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Dendritic surface modification of photocatalytic nanoparticles for tumour therapy

Abstract : The occurrence of field cancerization is characteristic for tumours of the head and neck region. Due to these widespread premalignant and malignant alterations, it is frequently not possible to entirely remove the tumour by surgery. This results in a high risk of tumour recurrence. Therefore, this PhD research aimed to develop photocatalytic nanoparticles (NPs) as completion of the traditional tumour therapy. These NPs are supposed to be incorporated by tumour cells and to induce photocatalytic cell death by UV light activation. TiO2 with convincing photocatalytic properties and an average size smaller than 20 nm should therefore be synthesized. NP biocompatibility, their uptake into cells and an efficient tumour targeting should be guaranteed by surface modification of the particles with dendritic organic molecules that allow a precise control of the surface charge of the particles as well as antibody coupling.A further objective was the combination of therapeutic and diagnostic properties within the NPsystem realized for example via introduction of a luminescent dye. This research was carried out at the University of Bordeaux (synthesis of organic molecules for particle functionalization) in cooperation with the Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC in Würzburg, Germany (nanoparticle synthesis).
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Susanne Julia Koch. Dendritic surface modification of photocatalytic nanoparticles for tumour therapy. Organic chemistry. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0687⟩. ⟨tel-02319439⟩

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