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Contribution à l'évaluation de l'apprenant et l'adaptation pédagogique dans les plateformes d'apprentissage : une approche fondée sur les traces

Abstract : The adoption of new Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) has enabled the modernization of teaching methods in online learning systems such as e-Learning, intelligent tutorial systems (ITS), etc. These systems provide a remote training that which meets the learner needs. A very important aspect to consider in these systems is the early assessment of the learner in terms of knowledge acquisition. In general, three types of assessment and their relationships are needed during the learning process, namely : (i) diagnostic which is performed before learning to estimate the level of students, (ii) formative evaluation which is applied during learning to test the knowledge evolution and (iii) summative evaluation which is considered after learning to evaluate learner’s knowledge acquisition. These methods can be integrated into a semi-automatic, automatic or adapted way in different contexts of formation, for example in the field of languages literary learning such as French, English, etc., hard sciences (mathematics, physics, chemistry, etc.) and programming languages (java, python, sql, etc.). However, the usual evaluation methods are static and are based on linear functions that only take into account the learner’s response. They ignore other parameters of their knowledge model that may disclose other performance indicators. For example, the time to solve a problem, the number of attempts, the quality of the response, etc. These elements are used to detect the profile characteristics, behavior and learning disabilitiesof the learner. These additional parameters are seen in our research as learning traces produced by the learner during a given situation or pedagogical context. In this context, we propose in this thesis a learner evaluation approach based on learning traces that can be exploited in an adaptation system of the resource and/or the pedagogic situation. For the learner assessment, we have proposed three generic evaluation models that take into consideration the temporal trace, number of attempts and their combinations. These models are later used as a base metric for our resource adaptation model and/or learning situation. The adaptation model is also based on the three traces mentioned above and on our evaluation models. Our adaptation model automatically generates adapted paths using a state-transition model. The states represent learning situations that consume resources and the transitions between situations express the necessary conditions to pass from one situation to another. These concepts are implemented in a domain ontology and an algorithm that we have developed. The algorithm ensures two types of adaptation : (i) Adaptation of the situation and (ii) Adaptation of resources within a situation. In order to collect traces of training for the implementation of our approaches of learner evaluation and adaptation of resources and learning situations, we conducted experiments on two groups of students in Computer Science (L2). One group in classical training and the other group in adapted training. Based on the obtained traces from the students’ training sessions, we assessed merners based on our evaluation models. The results are then used to implement the adaptation in a domain ontology. The latter is implemented within oracle 11g which allows a rule-based semantic reasoning. After comparing the results of the adapted training with those obtained from the classical one, we found an improvement in the results in terms of general average and standard deviation of the learner averages.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 17, 2019 - 9:11:20 AM
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Soraya Chachoua. Contribution à l'évaluation de l'apprenant et l'adaptation pédagogique dans les plateformes d'apprentissage : une approche fondée sur les traces. Environnements Informatiques pour l'Apprentissage Humain. Université de La Rochelle, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LAROS003⟩. ⟨tel-02318386⟩

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