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Contrôle par laser de la formation de molécules polaires paramagnétiques ultra-froides

Abstract : The thesis is positioned in the ultracold domain, i.e molecules which have velocities corresponding to microkelvin temperatures. The formation of molecular diluted gas at these temperatures is promising for important applications in quantum simulation, quantum information or in precision measurements.More particularly, the thesis is focused on the formation of molecules which are polar and paramagnetic. Some recent works are predicted that these molecules could be the ideal system for creating a quantum simulator of the lattice-spin system, which can describe the magnetism in solids. We have chosen the example of RbSr molecules for whose an experience runs in Amsterdam. We explored some alternatives based on the use of lasers for the formation of ultracold RbSr molecules.First, we considered the photoassociation whose the principle is coupling the initial scattering state with a rovibrational level of an excited electronic state. The following spontaneous emission step creates molecules in the electronic ground state. We also considered the problem of atom losses observed by experiments in Bangalore, when a focused photoassociation laser is applied. In the rest of the thesis, we explored coherent methods. Firstly, we showed a STIRAP sequence could create weakly bound molecules from isolated atomic pairs confined in a Mott insulator. Lastly, we explored some of these methods where the dynamic occurs only in the electronic ground state. The formation is induced by the use of a chirped pulse or a pi-pulse. We studied the factors of the transfer. Moreover, we discovered this method is related to a new kind of Feshbach resonances in the photon dressed picture, called Laser Assisted Self-Induced Feshbach Resonance (LASIFR). We showed LASIFR present the advantages of Magnetic and Optical Feshbach Resonances. They are a promising and powerful tool for the control of properties of quantum gas mixtures, like the interspecies scattering length.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 16, 2019 - 2:53:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02317953, version 1

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Adrien Devolder. Contrôle par laser de la formation de molécules polaires paramagnétiques ultra-froides. Physique Atomique [physics.atom-ph]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS361⟩. ⟨tel-02317953⟩

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