Organic electrografted thin films based nano-devices

Abstract : The main objective of this PhD thesis is to show the potential for organic electronics of molecular thin films covalently bounded and formed by electrochemical grafting. These 5 to 100 nm thick layers aim to propose an alternative to organic thin films of thickness above 100 nm and to self-assembled monolayers of thickness between 1 and 5 nm.This work first establishes the optimal electrografting conditions of three diazonium salts : a derivative from the tris-bipyridine iron (II), a diazonium salt with a long fluorinated chain and another with a thiol function). In particular, a fine tuning of the thickness of the resulting layers is demonstrated on micrometric patterned electrodes.Double layer electrografting is then studied. It consists in using an electrode electrografted with electroactive molecules, here the tris-bipyridine iron (II) derivative, as a working electrode for the electrografting of a second diazonium salt. This technique allows the formation of organic double-layers of thickness controlled by the first layer and presenting terminal functions controlled by the choice of the second compound (here, thiol functions or fluorinated chains).The potential of these layers is then evaluated in vertical metal-molecules-metal junctions using various top electrodes : electrodes printed from an aqueous gold nanoparticle ink through a method developed in this thesis, and electrodes made by metal evaporation in vacuum. To conclude, field-effect transistors based on MoS2 using these electrografted thin layers as gate-dielectric are fabricated and studied. Their performances (electronic mobility of 46 cm2.(V.s)-1, ION/IOFF ratio of 9.107,etc.) confirm the quality of these organic electrografted insulators. The method is thus efficient and versatile for the preparation of robust organic layers with adjustable surface properties and thickness.
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Florian Lebon. Organic electrografted thin films based nano-devices. Material chemistry. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS286⟩. ⟨tel-02317642⟩

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