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Mesure de vibrations par vision 3D

Abstract : The objective of this Ph.D is to study the relevance and limits of 3D vision methods coupled to high-speed cameras and applied to non-contact synchronous vibration measurement, in the vibro-acoustic range of frequencies. A first pseudo stereoscopic set-up, taken from robotics, using a four-mirror adapter in order to generate two virtual viewpoints from a single real camera, has been tested on a plate and a loudspeaker. The results, validated by comparison with those obtained with a laser vibrometre, prove the relevance of the approach, despite some constraints related to the optical elements. In a logic of simplification, three other set-ups have then been proposed and tested, allowing designing two full-field vibration measurement techniques and a method for the Iterative Rectification of Images (IRIs), adapted to the context. The no-mirror method uses a mathematical line to triangulate positions and is basically suited to measure the single-axis vibrations of globally plane objects, displaying non-repeatable displacements along the normal of the surface or along a known axis. The asynchronous cameras technique requires a high-speed and an industrial camera used simultaneously to measure the multi-axis displacements of 3D vibratory phenomena. The results obtained on a car bonnet and a loudspeaker prove its potential to characterise large panels or to carry out end-of-line testing of loud-speakers for example. In conclusion, the three measurement protocols and the associated results are compared in order to assess their respective potentialities and limits in the context of vibration measurement.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 15, 2019 - 11:17:06 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02316314, version 1

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Thomas Durand-Texte. Mesure de vibrations par vision 3D. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. Université du Maine, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LEMA1003⟩. ⟨tel-02316314⟩

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