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Synthèse d'ensembles supramoléculaires chiraux bi- et tridimentionnels par auto-assemblage de ligands azotés avec des complexes de palladium (II)

Abstract : Supramolecular coordination complexes, constituted of chiral molecular bricks, are well described in the literature. However, supramolecular complexes combining chiral building blocks and inherent chirality are underexplored. In this context, we have undertaken the synthesis of novel chiral three-dimensional supramolecular coordination complexes for their potential uses in catalysis. Their synthesis have been carried out by self-assembly of different molecular bricks: ditopic and tritopic nitrogen-ligands, and coordination complexes. Nine different self-assemblies have been synthesized with imidazole-based ditopic ligands and palladium(II), or platinum(II), coordination complexes. On the one hand, the triangular self-assemblies T-7, T-9, T-10, T-12, T-13 and T-15 have been obtained as the major component. On the other hand, structures T-11, C-11a-b or T-14 and C-14 have been obtained as a mixture of triangular and square structures in a ratio depending on the concentration and the solvent. The full characterization of these structures in solution has shown their inherent chirality. To our knowledge T-7 is the first triangular supramolecular coordination complex constituted of achiral components shown to be chiral in solution. Self-assembly syntheses of tritopic and ditopic ligands as well as palladium(II) coordination complexes were carried out, in the presence of pyrenecarboxaldehyde (I-8). Three chiral prismatic structures have been obtained. Prism-2 has been characterized by NMR spectroscopy in solution and DFT analysis which supports its inherent chirality. The racemic (P-(Prism-2⊃(I-8)2) / M-(Prism-2⊃(I-8)2)) has been isolated with an excellent yield and a very good purity. Prism-3, an enantiopure analog of Prism-2, was obtained by self-assembly synthesis of L4Me, 4tpt and the enantiopure coordination complex Pd-5 in the presence of I-8. The configuration of the isolated enantiomer was carried out by NMR spectroscopy in solution and assigned to (λ,P)-(Prism-3⊃(I-8)2), confirming the inherent chirality of the different prismatic structures.
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Nicolas Gimeno. Synthèse d'ensembles supramoléculaires chiraux bi- et tridimentionnels par auto-assemblage de ligands azotés avec des complexes de palladium (II). Chimie organique. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU30216⟩. ⟨tel-02316160⟩

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