La poétique de la fable en vers d'après les discours des fabulistes (1719-1792)

Abstract : This thesis proposes to present and analyze the prescriptive discourses of the eighteenth-century’s fabulists, starting with the one of Houdar de La Motte, who in his new Fables in 1719 posed as an admiring opponent of La Fontaine, matchless poet but a very questionable moralist. After presenting this founding book in the context of the general crisis of poetry in France at the time of Homer's Qurelle, we study the ideas of the daring fabulist, anxious to establish rules to make apologues in verses that are in conformity with the didactic objective which, according to La Motte, is a priority in this kind of writing. Four of the successors of La Motte, whose collections were published from 1729 (Richer) to 1792 (Florian), were retained to examine whether this first prescriptive poetic was followed or disputed by poets who necessarily referred to it as they would refer to La Fontaine, an overwhelming model that one sometimes dares to analyze in order to pierce his secret or that one merely admires to allow himself to ambition a place after him.
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Arwa Ali. La poétique de la fable en vers d'après les discours des fabulistes (1719-1792). Littératures. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20070⟩. ⟨tel-02314263⟩

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