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Complexité chimique des protoétoiles de masse intermédiaire : une étude de Cep E-mm

Abstract : Intermediate-mass stars (2 M⊙ ≤ M ≤ 10 M⊙) are among the dominant sources of FUV interstellar field in the Galaxy. They regulate the phases of interstellar medium and the whole process of galactic star formation. While solar-type and massive protostars have been and continue to be the subject of many studies, the formation of intermediate stars has been relatively little studied. Their physical structure, chemical composition and molecular richness are still a subject to explore.The aim of my thesis is to obtain a detailed census, as complete as possible ,of the physical and chemical structure of an isolated intermediate-mass protostar: Cep E-mm (100 L⊙).I have completed a spectral survey of the molecular emission in the (sub)millimetre bands between 72 and 350 GHz with IRAM 30m telescope. The sensitivity of the observations made it possible to identify the presence of numerous complex organic molecules (COMs) in the protostar envelope, but also several unusual molecular species in the protostellar jet. Additionally, further observations with the IRAM 30m telescope made it possible to map the molecular emission at large scale (20’’ to 11’’; 15000 to 8000 AU). In parallel, interferometric maps of the molecular emission between 86 – 90 GHz and 216 – 220 GHz were obtained with NOEMA, the IRAM interferometer, at 1.4’’ (1000 AU) of angular resolution. These observations allowed me to obtain the distribution of molecular emission within the source, from large scales in the outer parts of the extended envelope, to the small scales in the hot corino region. The single-dish and interferometric observations were reduced and analysed in a meticulous manner. More precisely, I identified and separated the molecular emission contribution from the different physical regions as observed with the IRAM 30m telescope. I have identified and characterized fours physical components that differ in their spectroscopic properties and excitation conditions: the extended envelope, the hot corino, the bipolar outflow and the high-velocity jet. Finally, the anisotropy of the brightness distribution from the outflow system cannot be modelled by the “classical” Gaussian approach. I have developed specific tools to estimate, in a semi-analytical manner, the coupling between the telescope lobe and the source.
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Juan David Ospina-Zamudio. Complexité chimique des protoétoiles de masse intermédiaire : une étude de Cep E-mm. Astrophysique [astro-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAY013⟩. ⟨tel-02314123⟩

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