propriétés magnétiques et structurales de fe/mnas/gaas(001) et dynamique photo-induite des transitions de phases dans mnas/gaas(001)

Abstract : The subject of this thesis is the study of the magnetic and structural properties of MnAs/GaAs(001) and of the photoinduced phase transition dynamics in MnAs/GaAs(001). MnAs exhibits a peculiar sequence of magneto-structural phase transitions. In the bulk, α-MnAs is hexagonal and ferromagnetic (FM). At 313K, it transits (1st order) towards β-MnAs becoming orthorhombic and FM order is lost. At 400K, it transits (2nd order) towards γ-MnAs becoming paramagnetic and hexagonal. When MnAs is grown epitaxially on GaAs(001), α and β phases coexist in the form of self-organized stripes with alternating phases, which permits the appearance of a dipolar magnetic field close to the surface. This field allows the manipulation of the Fe magnetization via the temperature, without applying magnetic field, or locally via a femtosecond laser pulse. Measurements were made using magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) and X-ray resonant scattering (XRMS). The XRMS gives access to the evolution of the stripes with the temperature and to the magnetization of each layer (at the L3 edge of Fe and Mn). Hysteresis cycles of magnetic layers can be obtained by XRMS and also by MOKE thanks to the linearity of the response. The photo-induced structural dynamics of MnAs/GaAs(001) was also studied by time-resolved X-ray diffraction from the picosecond to the microsecond timescales. The results evidence the excitation of coherent phonons, the generation of a strain wave, the nucleation of the γ phase, and finally the transient formation of self-organized stripes during the cooling phase. These results provide insight into the Fe magnetization reversal process in Fe/MnAs/GaAs(001) and a mechanism is proposed.
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Lounès Lounis. propriétés magnétiques et structurales de fe/mnas/gaas(001) et dynamique photo-induite des transitions de phases dans mnas/gaas(001). Autre [cond-mat.other]. PSL Research University, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLET017⟩. ⟨tel-02313766⟩

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