Acoustic wave propagation through a random dispersion of solid particles in a viscous fluid

Abstract : A random dispersion of identical elastic solid particles in a viscous fluid is considered and effective properties, appropriate to the propagation through the medium of an ultrasonic compressional wave of large wavelength compared to the radius of the particles, is investigated.The scattering coefficients of a single spherical particle in a viscous medium are investigated for all combinations of incident and scattered wave types for use in multiple scattering models. Approximate formulae are obtained for the coefficients at n’th partial wave order in the Rayleigh limit. For spherical particles, a core-shell self-consistent model is used, in which the medium is modelled by an elastic core of the same material and radius as the particles, surrounded by a shell of the host fluid, and placed in the effective medium. The radius of the shell is such that the ratio of the core/shell volume is equal to the particle concentration. The dynamic properties of the effective medium are sought by minimising the scattering of the shell for different incident compressional partial wave orders (n).The effective bulk modulus is found from the monopole mode n=0 and the effective mass density from the dipole mode n=1. When compared to Ament’s formula based on local force balance at the particles (assumed rigid), the effective mass density obtained from the core-shell model shows a frequency-dependent effect of concentration similar to that observed in multiple scattering models and experimentally. Ament’s method is then applied to obtain the effective mass density in case of aligned rigid spheroids.
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Mb Mahbub Alam. Acoustic wave propagation through a random dispersion of solid particles in a viscous fluid. Acoustics [physics.class-ph]. Normandie Université, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMLH15⟩. ⟨tel-02312962⟩

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