Synergie des capteurs spatiaux européens OLCI-SLSTR pour l’étude à long terme de la couleur des eaux côtières

Abstract : The ocean color remote sensing involves the removal of the atmospheric contribution, the so-called atmospheric correction (AC). Over clear waters, the latter is based on the hypothesis that the sea water is totally absorbent in the Near Infra-Red (NIR), to estimate the atmospheric reflectance and to determine the water reflectance. By contrast, over coastal turbid waters, the marine signal is not negligible in the NIR. Accordingly, different alternative methods were proposed. The thesis is committed to evaluate the proposed AC algorithms and their improvement for the Ocean and Land Colour Instrument (OLCI) sensor over coastal waters exploiting its synergy with the Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer (SLSTR) sensor. For this purpose, radiometric in-situ measurements were acquired in two contrasted French coastal areas : Eastern English Channel and FrenchGuiana, with the ASD spectro-radiometer, according to a newly developed measurement and post-processing protocol. The post-processing was based on the coefficient of variability and the median relative difference, in addition to the Quality Assurance Score (QAS). Following the statistical analysis in part based on the Spectral Angle Mean (SAM), the radiometric inter-comparison of the ASD and other radiometers (TriOS-above and TriOS in-water), shows the consistency of the ASD measurements. The use of these measurement leads to carry out the performance inter-comparison of five AC algorithms, where the Polymer algorithm is the most efficient according to a unique metric scoring system. However, neither algorithm obtained the maximum score, highlighting the big room for improvement, especially for coastal waters. With this in mind; three spectral relationships of aerosols reflectance were tested with a simulated data set based on OLCI/SLSTR synergy. Another relationship, Full Spectrum AC (FSAC) was initially developed combining two existing relationships, after excluding the black pixel hypothesis in the Ultra-Violet and integrating a iterative scheme. The relationships inter-comparison shows consistency ofFSAC which is slightly less performing than one published relationship. The application of FSAC on OLCI/SLSTR images could have perspectives to improve the AC over coastal waters.
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Mohamed Abdelillah Mograne. Synergie des capteurs spatiaux européens OLCI-SLSTR pour l’étude à long terme de la couleur des eaux côtières. Sciences de la Terre. Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019DUNK0531⟩. ⟨tel-02311345⟩

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