Transport sédimentaire induit par un courant : effet du disponible sédimentaire

Abstract : The amount of sand that can be mobilized on a sedimentary bed or sediment supply, has an important impact on the bed morphodynamics. There are many coastal areas subjected to the limitation of sediment that can play a significant role in the erosion-accretion processes of beaches or can impact human activities.The impact of sediment supply on the morphodynamics of a sedimentary bed subjected to a current is experimentally studied in a current flume. The flow velocity is such that the bottom shear stress is higher than the critical shear stress for sediment threshold. The temporal evolution of ripple wavelength shows a significant dependence with the sediment supply. It is the same with parameters such as the height or the wavelength of the bedforms at equilibrium. A re-analysis of field data from Ferret 2011 is performed and the obtained results for the bedform migration velocity are compared with the experimental results. The influence of the sediment bedload transport and the migration velocity with the sediment supply can be modeled by the addition of a factor depending on the fraction of the bottom covered with movable sediment. The impact of the sediment supply on the sediment threshold is also experimentally studied with different roughness for the immobile bottom. Two methods of detection of the sediment threshold are developed in order to automate the acquisition and process as much as possible. The impact of the bottom roughness and the sediment supply on the sediment threshold for homogeneous, weakly heterogeneous and shellfish sediment is experimentally studied
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Melanie Vah. Transport sédimentaire induit par un courant : effet du disponible sédimentaire. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMLH14⟩. ⟨tel-02310703⟩

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