Opto-phononic confinement in GaAs/AlAs-based resonators

Abstract : The work carried out in this thesis addresses the conception and the experimental characterization of opto-phononic resonators. These structures enable the confinement of optical modes and mechanical vibrations at very high frequencies (from few tens up to few hundreds of GHz). This study has been carried out on multilayered nanometric systems, fabricated from III-V semiconductor materials. These nanophononic platforms have been characterized through high resolution Raman scattering measurements. The experimental methods and the numerical tools that we have developed in this thesis have allowed us to explore novel confinement strategies for acoustic phonons in acoustic superlattices, with resonance frequencies around 350 GHz. In particular, we have studied the acoustic properties of two nanophononic resonators. The first acoustic cavity proposed in this manuscript enables the confinement of mechanical vibrations by adiabatically changing the acoustic band-diagram of a one-dimensional phononic crystal. In the second system, we take advantage of the topological invariants characterizing one dimensional periodic structures, in order to create an interface state between two phononic distributed Bragg reflectors. We have then focused on the study of opto-phononic cavities allowing the simultaneous confinement of light and of high frequency mechanical vibrations. We have measured, by Raman scattering spectroscopy, the acoustic properties of planar nanophononic structures embedded in three-dimensional micropillar optical resonators. Finally, in the last sections of this manuscript, we investigate the optomechanical properties of GaAs/AlAs micropillar cavities. We have performed numerical simulations through the finite element method that allowed us to explain the three-dimensional confinement mechanisms of optical and mechanical modes in these systems, and to calculate the main optomechanical parameters. This work shows that GaAs/AlAs micropillars present very interesting properties for future optomechanical experiments, such as very high mechanical resonance frequencies, large optical and mechanical quality factors at room temperature, and high values for the vacuum optomechanical coupling factors and for the Q • f products
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Fabrice-Roland Lamberti. Opto-phononic confinement in GaAs/AlAs-based resonators. Physics [physics]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC103⟩. ⟨tel-02310435⟩

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