Les étudiants de basse classe sociale face au risque de mobilité ascendante : quels impacts sur l’adoption de buts de performance-évitement et sur les performances ?

Abstract : This thesis aims to identify psychological processes involved in the upward mobility process. More specifically, we tested in what extent mobility process experienced by lower-class students can lead them to adopt performance-avoidance goals (i.e., fear of failure), which may subsequently negatively impact their performances. In the first study, the link between performance-avoidance goals and performances was tested among lower and higher-class students. The results showed that the adoption of performance-avoidance goals negatively predicted performance of lower-class students (not that of higher-class students) and particuarly if they had good academic results (i.e., more likely to live a mobility experience). The purpose of the second study was to test the role of mobility process as a mediator of the link between social class and the adoption of performance-avoidance goals among lower and higher-class students. The results of this study showed that it is because lower-class students experience upward mobility that they adopt more performance-avoidance goals than their higher-class counterparts. Finally, in the 3 latest studies (studies 3a, 3b and 3c), we tested the impact of mobility process on the adoption of performance-avoidance goals and of high school students’ performances. The results of study 3a showed that within lower-class high school students, the salience of the mobility process increased the adoption of performance-avoidance goals and reduced performances in Mathematics. Moreover, performance-avoidance goals seem to be a mediator of the interaction between social class and salience of the mobility process on mathematics performances, although this effect is not replicated in studies 3b and 3c. The results of the meta-analysis carried out on these last three studies, tend to confirm this assumption. Overall, these results highlight that fear of mobility process would be a mechanism behind the difficulties faced by high school students/students of low social class in academic context to explain, then, their least performances.
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Alisée Bruno. Les étudiants de basse classe sociale face au risque de mobilité ascendante : quels impacts sur l’adoption de buts de performance-évitement et sur les performances ?. Psychologie. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019CLFAL005⟩. ⟨tel-02308829⟩

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