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Territorialisation des politiques publiques et reconstruction de l'Etat au Mali en termes de gouvernance

Abstract : While in France, the desire to take better account of the variability and multiplicity of local situations has led to the development of contractual programmes between the State and local authorities, in fields as varied as education, social action, housing, integration, health and safety. In African countries, where everything has to be redone, it is the administrative and political status quo. Public policies are decided and implemented by the central state. The decentralization policy was initiated in the 1990s following the emergence of democracy in most African countries.In Mali, the first decentralization laws were adopted in 1993. Faced with territorial imbalances that penalize their growth regime and thus job creation, African countries are nowadays gradually being led to change their modes of governance. The current model of territorial organization and centralized spatial planning seems not only ineffective but also inadequate to economic and social realities. The central state alone is unable to ensure a better territorial balance, to regulate urban growth, to lead and promote strategic approaches to combat the territorial divide. The territorialisation of public policies necessarily requires a courageous decentralisation policy aimed at giving local territorial levels extensive powers to plan and develop their territory.After 20 years of decentralization in Mali, a thorough reform is essential. A reform that would put local and regional authorities at the heart of development policies and the fight against territorial imbalances. Local and regional authorities with extensive powers must be able to make public action closer and more effective while adapting it to the diversity of territories. But these local strategic approaches will only be credible and effective, in the context of these countries, if they are promoted, supported and supervised by the national level while involving local public decision-makers. The whole issue of integrated territorial policies based and built on the dynamics of local actors in a multi-level governance system is at stake here.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 8, 2019 - 9:39:06 AM
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Boubacar Diawara. Territorialisation des politiques publiques et reconstruction de l'Etat au Mali en termes de gouvernance. Science politique. Université Paris-Est, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PESC0050⟩. ⟨tel-02307893⟩



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