« La femme politique paradoxale ». Étude comparative sur la représentation des femmes dans les assemblées politiques en Guadeloupe et en Jamaïque depuis 1944. : Étude comparative sur la représentation des femmes dans les assemblées politiques en Guadeloupe et en Jamaïque depuis 1944

Abstract : The Caribbean plantation societies are often described as “matrifocal” or even matriarchal societies in which women hold a female power which deprives their male counterparts of their “natural” authority. Women indeed possess a female power but “matrifocality” does not prevent men from holding more power than women in some domains. The study of the political arena is insightful in this regard. This thesis considers the paradoxical gap between the power women are believed to have in society and their position within the political system, and studies the relationship between the Caribbean social order and its gendered political representation. It analyzes the evolution of women’s representation in the central political assemblies of Guadeloupe (Departmental Council and Regional Council) and Jamaica (House of Representatives and Senate) since 1944, drawing on the permanent evolutions between the structural constraints of the two studied political systems and the symbolic constraints interiorized by the parliamentarians that carry a specific social history; as well as their diversified pathways to political professionalization, echoing their different personal, professional and political trajectories. The research method uses archival data, through the collection of statistical and monographic data which enabled the construction of a database of women seated in the political assemblies of Guadeloupe and Jamaica, as well as interviews conducted with some of them in order to deepen the analysis of their trajectories. The comparative study between Guadeloupe and Jamaica highlights the specificities of their political representation systems despite their similar sociocultural history.
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Soizic Brohan. « La femme politique paradoxale ». Étude comparative sur la représentation des femmes dans les assemblées politiques en Guadeloupe et en Jamaïque depuis 1944. : Étude comparative sur la représentation des femmes dans les assemblées politiques en Guadeloupe et en Jamaïque depuis 1944. Science politique. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0092⟩. ⟨tel-02307286⟩

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