Bureaucratisation néolibérale dans le développement : la gouvernance des partenariats public-privé Euro-Méditerranéens pour les énergies renouvelables au Maroc

Abstract : This thesis proposes a study of State transformation and of the exercise of power from the observation of political instruments used to develop the big Moroccan solar power plants. This work is based on two long participative observations, which consist of a double ethnography of development in the public institution beneficiary of the aid as well as in the institutions that control this aid. I summon up both public policy sociology and studies in management and in economic sociology on finance and Public - Private Partnerships. The Public – Private Partnership contractualisation seems to become a new mode of public policy in favour of aid to development. Besides, the choice of a type of contract, of a type of mode of financing, are political choices as well. Euro-Mediterranean policies for the renewable energy studied in this thesis illustrate a shift of state-centered public policies towards a multilevel public policy. The analysis of the making of tools and instruments of the Mediterranean Solar Plan highlights a mode of governance based on consensus and expertification. The framing of the public policy for renewable energy in Morocco is erected by private and public actors and leads to the diffusion of the formalities coming from big companies and from the financial market.Compelled by these actors, the Moroccan solar energy market has been institutionalized since 2009, in keeping with a process of neoliberal bureaucratization. In this institutionnalisation, international financial institutions and private consortiums convey, through their expertise and their participation to public policy, many political instruments. This instrumentalization goes through competitive and international calls for tender, loans for economic development aids, or climate change funds, and at last contractual solutions such as Public-Private Partnership. The synergy between aid to development instruments and the policies in favour of renewable energylead to a transformation of the modes of government and of the role of State. The use of these aids to development and private expertise instruments allows bureaucratic regulation and control, as Weber says, of the solar energy market. The Moroccan energetic transition policy takes part to the strengthening of monopolies in Moroccan energy and to its centralization.
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Marie Gerin-Jean. Bureaucratisation néolibérale dans le développement : la gouvernance des partenariats public-privé Euro-Méditerranéens pour les énergies renouvelables au Maroc. Sociologie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PA01H112⟩. ⟨tel-02307258⟩



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