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Sulfur (IV)/(VI) pincer-type ligands for the stabilization of metallylenes : synthesis, characterization and applications

Abstract : This work presents the synthesis, characterization and reactivity of metallylenes stabilized by different functionalized pincer ligands with substituents containing sulfur atoms in different oxidation states. Metallylenes, the heavier analogues of carbenes, have in their singlet ground state a lone pair of electron and a vacant p orbital. These features give the particular behavior and reactivity of these species. The literature describes many examples of metallylenes stabilized by different types of ligands, among which lately the pincer type ligands are gaining importance. In the chemistry of transitional metal complexes it was shown for a long time that the pincer-type ligands are a versatile ligand platform thanks to the possibilities of modulating the properties of the complexes through small changes of the ligand backbone. In the last few decades these ligands proved to be effective for obtaining stable metallylenes. However, in the literature there is one sole example of metallylene stabilized through sulfur containing pincer-type ligands. For this study, para substituted sulfonyl and sulfinyl containing O,C,O-chelating pincer ligands were designed, synthesized and completely characterized by the physico-chemical and computational methods and their effects on the stabilization of metallylenes was investigated. First, a bis-sulfone pincer ligand was obtained and studied for the synthesis of novel metallylenes. With this ligand a germylene and stannylene were obtained and characterized, the germylene being the first example in the literature of a divalent germanium species stabilized by an oxygen donor pincer ligand. The reactivity of the metallylenes was tested for obtaining cycloadducts with ortho-benzoquinone and transition metal complexes (iron and tungsten). It was shown that the bis-sulfone behaves as an adjustable O,C,O-chelating pincer type ligand, the coordination could be possible with either one of the oxygen atoms of the sulfonyl groups. [...]
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Submitted on : Monday, October 7, 2019 - 11:32:08 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02307035, version 1



Noémi Deak. Sulfur (IV)/(VI) pincer-type ligands for the stabilization of metallylenes : synthesis, characterization and applications. Coordination chemistry. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30393⟩. ⟨tel-02307035⟩



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