Investigation of hemicellulose biomaterial approaches : the extraction and modification of hemicellulose and its use in value-added applications

Abstract : The increased use of renewable materials is considered as one of the key issue of the sustainable development. Carbohydrates are readily biodegradable and tend to degrade in biologically active environments. Hemicelluloses (HC) are one of the most common polysaccharides next to cellulose and chitin, representing about 20-35% of lignocellulosic biomass, and have not yet found broad industrial applications as does cellulose. Hemicellulose is a hetero-polysaccharide and a green substitute for petroleum based polyols and is a non-food-based substitute for starch polyols. The aims of this project are to develop an optimized strategy for the extraction of hemicellulose and the use of the extracted hemicellulose in value-added biomaterials. The extraction of hemicellulose would have great potential to supply raw materials for the new bio-economy. To expand its applications to the field of stimuli-responsive hydrogels, coating and adhesives, polymer networks, as well as drug-delivery systems, the properties of hemicellulose were functionalized by introducing reactive groups onto its main chain to reversibly crosslink it by the Diels-Alder reaction. Hemicellulose based materials were prepared and characterized for their suitable application. Finally, the worldwide potential demand for replacing petroleum-derived raw materials by renewable resources in the production of valuable biodegradable polymeric materials is significant from both social and environmental viewpoints fuel and will predominate in the coming periods.
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Wissam Farhat. Investigation of hemicellulose biomaterial approaches : the extraction and modification of hemicellulose and its use in value-added applications. Polymers. Université de Lyon; North Carolina State University, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSES032⟩. ⟨tel-02305657⟩

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