L'expertise de James Laurence Laughlin au service de l'unification monétaire et bancaire américaine, 1870- 1913. : de la défense de l’étalon-or à la conception du Federal Reserve Act (1913)

Abstract : This Ph.D. dissertation studies James Laurence Laughlin (1850-1913) participation in the American monetary and banking unification. The history of American monetary and banking debates of the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century does not place emphasis on this author while he is unavoidable. He becomes a renowned academic economist by being the first Head Professor of the University of Chicago and the founder of the Journal of Political Economy in 1892. He also acquires the status of economic expert by doing a money doctoring in Santo Domingo in 1894 and by participating in the Indianapolis Monetary Commission in 1897-98. The final report of this commission written by Laughlin had been used to write the Gold Standard Act, passed in 1900 and establishing a gold standard system in the United States. Subsequently, he gets involved in designing the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 alongside his former student Henry Parker Willis. Laughlin’s theory is meant to be a critique of the quantity theory of money. He includes elements from the English Banking School authors’ theory. He explains the formation of prices by non-monetary determinants and includes credit and speculation in his theory by distinguishing a “normal” credit and an “abnormal” credit.
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Constance Andre-Aigret. L'expertise de James Laurence Laughlin au service de l'unification monétaire et bancaire américaine, 1870- 1913. : de la défense de l’étalon-or à la conception du Federal Reserve Act (1913). Economies et finances. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2024⟩. ⟨tel-02305426⟩

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