IL - 17 et réponse inflammatoire systémique : focus sur le foie et le muscle

Abstract : Interleukin-17A (IL-17) and tumor necrosis factor-a (TNFa) are two pro-inflammatory cytokines playing an important role in various systemic inflammatory and autoimmune disorders affecting different organs and tissues including the liver and the muscles. However, the roles of IL-17 and TNFa are not fully understood in the muscles and also in liver, which is crucial in the acute phase response. By using cultures of human myoblasts, primary human hepatocytes, human HepaRG cells and LX-2 hepatic stellate cells, we found that IL-17 and TNFa increase in synergy the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 and chemokines (IL-8, CCL20, MCP-1). In myoblasts, the IL-17 and TNFa stimulation induces endoplasmic reticulum stress and calcium dysregulation showing that immune and non-immune pathogenic mechanisms interplay. In hepatocytes, IL-17 and TNFa mediate systemic inflammation and cell damage by increasing in synergy the CRP acute-phase protein and transaminase levels through the induction of IL-6. Since active liver and muscle disorders are characterized by inflammatory infiltrates of immune cells, the cell interactions play certainly an important role in the chronicity of the inflammation. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells activated or not were therefore co-cultured with myoblasts, hepatocytes and/or hepatic stellate cells to assess the inflammatory role of the cell-cell interactions. Co-cultures enhance the production of IL-6 and IL-8 compared to monocultures. IL-17 and TNFa contribute partially to these inductions. The systemic effects of IL-17 and/or TNFa make them attractive therapeutic targets for the treatment of various systemic inflammatory disorders
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Audrey Beringer. IL - 17 et réponse inflammatoire systémique : focus sur le foie et le muscle. Immunologie. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1318⟩. ⟨tel-02305246⟩

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