Oxydation totale des Composés Organiques Volatils (COV) sur des catalyseurs à base de métaux de transition préparés par voie hydrotalcite : Effet des micro-ondes sur la méthode de synthèse

Abstract : This work aims to study the catalytic oxidation of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). The main objective is to find catalytic materials that are alternatives to very expensive noble metals. The search for transition metal based catalysts is investigated. Furthermore, to improve the catalytic performance of the transition metals, their dispersion must be optimized using an adequate synthetic method. The various prepared solids were characterized by different physicochemical techniques : X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Thermal Analysis (TDA/TGA), Infrared Spectroscopy (IR), Temperature Programmed Reduction by hydrogen (H₂-TPR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)...Moreover, the obtained oxides were tested in the total oxidation of the VOC propene. Firstly, we focused our work on the preparation of a series of Co/Fe hydrotalcites -like samples by the traditional co-precipitation method. This study consists mainly of evaluating the substitution of bivalent and trivalent cations. It has been found that the solid containing both cobalt and iron (CoFe) has the highest catalytic activity. The interest of the hydrotalcite route compared to other methods of synthesis, such as the classical method and the mechanical mixing of oxides was put into evidence. Secondly, the use of microwave irradiation during the synthesis of hydrotalcite materials has also been studied as an unconventional method of synthesis. A beneficial effect has been observed with the use of microwaves due mainly to higher specific surface areas and better reducibility of the oxide species. In addition, an optimization of the temperature, duration, and power of the microwave irradiations was carried out on the CoFe solid, in order to show the influence of each parameter on the physico-chemical properties of the materials. Thirdly, the synthesis of a series of hydrotalcite catalysts with different ratio of Co²⁺ and Fe³⁺ was carried out. The influence of the molar ratio on the hydrotalcite structure has been shown. A comparison between these solids and those prepared by the microwave method was also discussed.
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Cynthia Abou Serhal. Oxydation totale des Composés Organiques Volatils (COV) sur des catalyseurs à base de métaux de transition préparés par voie hydrotalcite : Effet des micro-ondes sur la méthode de synthèse. Catalyse. Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale; Université Libanaise, école doctorale des sciences et technologies, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018DUNK0529⟩. ⟨tel-02303262⟩

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