Le corps malléable, une révolution symbolique : transformations esthétiques et sociales du corps en France et en Allemagne, de 1900 à la fin de l'entre-deux guerres

Abstract : Around 1900 the symbolic meaning of the body around 1900 changes : its collective social meaning, as well as its individual value, evolve. During the first decades of the 20th century, the world of yesterday erodes while daring reformers of life and avant-garde artists (dancers, choreographers, stage directors) try to push the limits of what a body can – not only the moral norms, of the decorous, but also the unprecedented of new possibilities brought by new technologies. What does this evolution of the meaning of the body result into? What does the modern body look like, as opposed to the 19th century – in the ways of being, of feeling and expressing oneself? How does that change affect the way of perceiving the body, the other’s and mine? Two tendencies underlie the principle of malleability in this upheaval of the forms of life and of the strategies of individualization within modern society, beyond their disparities: on the one hand, a transposition of the functionalist thought and fetish for the object induced by capitalism onto the body; on the other, an opposite tendency to take hold of the body as an organic living form, as an attempt to articulate matter and spirit in a more unitary and vitalist perspective. We will follow the development of both these tendencies and show how they develop within the social and aesthetic spheres until the end of the interwar period.
Keywords : Forms of life
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Julien Segol. Le corps malléable, une révolution symbolique : transformations esthétiques et sociales du corps en France et en Allemagne, de 1900 à la fin de l'entre-deux guerres. Sociologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCC298⟩. ⟨tel-02303228⟩

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