Towards new roles for cytochrome P450s and strigolactones in Fusarium Head Blight of Brachypodium distachyon

Abstract : Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) is one of the most important diseases of temperate cereals and is mostly caused by the toxin producing-fungus Fusarium graminearum (Fg). This last decade, several studies reported the transcriptional activation of cereal cytochrome P450-encoding genes (P450s) in response to Fg infection. P450s constitute an enzymatic family participating in very diverse metabolic pathways with potential interest for disease resistance. We used the model temperate cereal Brachypodium distachyon (Bd) to functionally characterize the first FHB-induced P450- encoding gene using Bd lines altered in the locus or gene expression of the Bradi1g75310 gene encoding the BdCYP711A29 P450. We showed that in addition to be a plant susceptibility factor towards the disease, the Bradi1g75310 gene is involved in the hormonal biosynthetic pathway of strigolactones (SLs) in Bd. Indeed, in addition to genetically complement the shoot phenotypes of the Arabidopsis thaliana mutant line for the homologous gene MAX1 (AtCYP711A1, max1-1 line), a Bd linewhich overexpresses the Bradi1g75310 gene (OE) exudes more orobanchol, a specific SL, compared to wild-type or mutant lines. Preliminary analysis of the direct impact of orobanchol on Fg growth suggests an activation of early fungal development (germination) likely to induce faster induction of defense-related genes during FHB, observed in Bradi1g75310 OE line. We showed that the four paralogs of Bradi1g75310 encoding BdCYP711A P450s are all able to genetically complement max1-1 line and provide important plant material for studying SLs diversification in the model monocot B. distachyon. Overall, this project constitutes a first step in the characterization of P450s involvement in plant response towards Fg infection in addition to give new evidences about the role of SLs in plant-pathogen interactions. Results obtained during this Ph.D. project will allow the improvement of both developmental and FHB-related traits in cereal crops.
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Valentin Changenet. Towards new roles for cytochrome P450s and strigolactones in Fusarium Head Blight of Brachypodium distachyon. Phytopathology and phytopharmacy. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS354⟩. ⟨tel-02303041⟩

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