Caractérisation du charbonnage moderne et contemporain bisontin (Franche-Comté, France) et de son impact sur les peuplements forestiers : le cas de la forêt de Chailluz

Abstract : The Franche-Comté forest, in particular the forest of Besançon, suffered heavily from its exploitation during the 18th and 19th centuries, causing a wood shortage in the territory. In many historiographical sources and research, the reasons of this shortage appear to be complex and manifold. The discovery of nearly a thousand charcoal platforms in the Chailluz forest has led to a series of questions concerning the function of this forest and the role of charcoal production in the wood shortage. The first fruits of an archival study made it possible to identify and characterize the major consumers of wood in the territory of Besançon during the 18th and 19th centuries other than the charcoal production, because rarely mentioned in the literature. The archaeometric study of the Chailluz charcoal platforms made it possible to characterize the charcoal production at the end of the modern age, providing the image of the 18th century forest stands and the impact of this practice on Chailluz.
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Aurore Dupin. Caractérisation du charbonnage moderne et contemporain bisontin (Franche-Comté, France) et de son impact sur les peuplements forestiers : le cas de la forêt de Chailluz. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018UBFCC033⟩. ⟨tel-02302078⟩

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