L. Quillien, Flax and Linen in the First Millennium Babylonia BC : the origins, craft industry and uses of a remarkable textile, Prehistoric

O. Books, , p.9781782977193, 2014.

N. A. De-bruyne, Plastic progress -Some further developments in the manufacture and use of synthetic materials for aircraft construction, Flight Aircr. Eng, pp.77-79, 1939.

J. E. Van-dam and T. A. Gorshkova, Cell walls and Fibers / Fiber formation, In Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences

L. Yan, N. Chouw, and K. Jayaraman, Flax fibre and its composites -A review, Compos. Part B Eng, vol.56, pp.296-317, 2014.

K. L. Pickering, M. G. Efendy, and T. M. Le, A review of recent developments in natural fibre composites and their mechanical performance, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf, vol.83, pp.98-112, 2016.

A. Lefeuvre, A. Bourmaud, C. Morvan, and C. Baley, Tensile properties of elementary fibres of flax and glass: Analysis of reproducibility and scattering, Mater. Lett, vol.130, pp.289-291, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01011494

F. Bensadoun, I. Verpoest, J. Baets, J. Müssig, N. Graupner et al., Impregnated fibre bundle test for natural fibres used in composites, J. Reinf. Plast. Compos, p.0731684417695461, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02175424

J. Merotte, A. Le-duigou, A. Bourmaud, K. Behlouli, and C. Baley, Mechanical and acoustic behaviour of porosity controlled randomly dispersed flax/PP biocomposite, Polym. Test, p.51, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02110738

A. Lefeuvre, A. Bourmaud, and C. Baley, Optimization of the mechanical performance of UD flax/epoxy composites by selection of fibres along the stem, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf, vol.77, pp.204-208, 2015.

F. Robitaille and R. Gauvin, Compaction of textile reinforcements for composites manufacturing, Polym. Compos, pp.48-61, 1920.

A. S. Doumbia, M. Castro, D. Jouannet, A. Kervoëlen, T. Falher et al., Flax/polypropylene composites for lightened structures: Multiscale analysis of process and fibre parameters, Mater. Des, vol.87, pp.331-341, 2015.

A. R. Dickson, D. Even, J. M. Warnes, and A. Fernyhough, The effect of reprocessing on the mechanical properties of polypropylene reinforced with wood pulp, flax or glass fibre, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf, vol.61, pp.258-267, 2014.

L. Duigou, A. Pillin, I. Bourmaud, A. Davies, P. Baley et al., Effect of recycling on mechanical behaviour of biocompostable flax/poly(L-lactide) composites, Compos. Part A, vol.39, pp.1471-1478, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00400328

L. Duigou, A. Bourmaud, A. Gourier, C. Baley, and C. , Multi-scale shear properties of flax fibre reinforced polyamide 11 biocomposites, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf, vol.85, pp.123-129, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02110773

Z. Mahboob, I. El-sawi, R. Zdero, Z. Fawaz, and H. Bougherara, Tensile and compressive damaged response in Flax fibre reinforced epoxy composites, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf, vol.92, pp.118-133, 2017.

R. Joffe, J. Andersons, and L. Wallström, Interfacial shear strength of flax fiber/thermoset polymers estimated by fiber fragmentation tests, J. Mater. Sci, vol.40, pp.2721-2722, 2005.

D. Åkesson, M. Skrifvars, J. Seppälä, and M. Turunen, Thermoset lactic acid-based resin as a matrix for flax fibers, J. Appl. Polym. Sci, vol.119, pp.3004-3009, 2011.

E. J. Mellerowicz and T. A. Gorshkova, Tensional stress generation in gelatinous fibres: a review and possible mechanism based on cell-wall structure and composition, J. Exp. Bot, vol.63, pp.551-565, 2012.

C. Andème-onzighi, R. Girault, I. His, C. Morvan, and A. Driouich, Immunocytochemical characterization of early-developing flax fiber cell walls, Protoplasma, vol.213, pp.235-245, 2000.

A. Bourmaud, C. Morvan, A. Bouali, V. Placet, P. Perré et al., Relationships between microfibrillar angle, mechanical properties and biochemical composition of flax fibers, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.44, pp.343-351, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00993433

J. R. Barnett and V. A. Bonham, Cellulose microfibril angle in the cell wall of wood fibres, Biol. Rev, vol.79, pp.461-472, 2004.

A. K. Bledzki and J. Gassa, Composites reinforced with cellulose based fibers, Prog. Polym. Sci, vol.24, pp.221-274, 1999.

M. J. Roach, N. Y. Mokshina, A. Badhan, A. V. Snegireva, N. Hobson et al., Development of cellulosic secondary walls in flax fibers requires b-galactosidase, Plant Physiol, vol.156, pp.1351-1363, 2011.

K. J. Niklas, Plant biomechanics: an engineering approach to plant form and function, 1992.

J. A. Romberger, Z. Hejnowicz, and J. F. Hill, Plant structure: Function and development. A treatise on anatomy and vegetative development, with special reference to woody plants

K. J. Niklas, Interspecific allometries of critical buckling height and actual plant height, Am. J. Bot, vol.81, pp.1275-1279, 1994.

M. Gibaud, A. Bourmaud, and C. Baley, Understanding the lodging stability of green flax stems; The importance of morphology and fibre stiffness, Biosyst. Eng, vol.137, pp.9-21, 2015.

K. J. Niklas, The scaling of plant height: A comparison among major plant clades and anatomical grades, Ann. Bot, vol.72, pp.165-172, 1993.

M. A. Oladokun and A. R. Ennos, Structural development and stability of rice Oryza sativa L. var. Nerica 1, J. Exp. Bot, vol.57, pp.3123-3130, 2006.

M. J. Crook and A. R. Ennos, Stem and root characteristics associated with lodging resistance in four winter wheat cultivars, J. Agric. Sci, vol.123, pp.167-174, 1994.

X. G. Zhu, L. Shan, Y. Wang, and W. P. Quick, C4 Rice -an ideal arena for systems biology research, J. Integr. Plant Biol, vol.52, pp.762-770, 2010.

D. Q. Fuller, L. Qin, Y. Zheng, Z. Zhao, X. Chen et al., The domestication process and domestication rate in rice: Spikelet bases from the lower Yangtze, Science, vol.323, pp.1607-1610, 2009.

S. Peng, Q. Tang, and Y. Zou, Current status and challenges of rice production in China, Plant Prod. Sci, vol.12, pp.3-8, 2009.

Y. Lang, X. Yang, M. Wang, and Q. Zhu, Effects of lodging at different filling stages on rice yield and grain quality, Rice Sci, vol.19, pp.315-319, 2012.

P. M. Berry, M. Sterling, J. H. Spink, C. J. Baker, R. Sylvester-bradley et al., Understanding and reducing lodging in cereals, Adv. Agron, vol.84, pp.84005-84012, 2004.

B. Yue, W. Xue, L. Xiong, X. Yu, L. Luo et al., Genetic basis of drought resistance at reproductive stage in rice: Separation of drought tolerance from drought avoidance, Genetics, vol.172, pp.1213-1228, 2006.

Z. Jankauskiene, Results of 90 years of flax breeding in Lithuania, Proc. Latv. Acad. Sci. Sect. B Nat. Exact, Appl. Sci, vol.68, pp.184-192, 2014.

C. Doré and F. Varoquaux, Histoire et amélioration de cinquante plantes cultivées, pp.383-396, 2006.

F. Plonka and C. Anselme, Les variétés de lin et leurs principales maladies cryptogamiques, 1956.

P. Billaux, Le lin au service des hommes: sa vie, ses techniques, son histoire, 1969.

W. Spielmeyer, E. S. Lagudah, N. Mendham, and A. G. Green, Inheritance of resistance to flax wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lini Schlecht) in a doubled haploid population of Linum usitatissimum L, Euphytica, vol.101, pp.287-291, 1998.

M. Gibaud, A. Bourmaud, and C. Baley, Understanding the lodging stability of green flax stems; The importance of morphology and fibre stiffness, Biosyst. Eng, vol.137, pp.9-21, 2015.

F. Bert, Lin fibre -Culture et transformation

E. Arvalis, , 2013.

J. F. Vincent, A Unified Nomenclature for Plant Fibres for Industrial Use, Appl. Compos. Mater, vol.7, pp.269-271, 2000.

A. Bourmaud, M. Gibaud, and C. Baley, Impact of the seeding rate on flax stem stability and the mechanical properties of elementary fibres, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.80, pp.17-25, 2016.

L. Duigou, A. Davies, P. Baley, and C. , Environmental impact analysis of the production of flax fibres to be used as composite material reinforcement, J. Biobased Mater. Bioenergy, vol.5, pp.153-165, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00714977

L. Duigou, A. Bourmaud, A. Balnois, E. Davies, P. Baley et al., Improving the interfacial properties between flax fibres and PLLA by a water fibre treatment and drying cycle, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.39, pp.31-39, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00714954

A. R. Dickson, D. Even, J. M. Warnes, and A. Fernyhough, The effect of reprocessing on the mechanical properties of polypropylene reinforced with wood pulp, flax or glass fibre, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf, vol.61, pp.258-267, 2014.

A. Bourmaud, D. Akesson, J. Beaugrand, A. Le-duigou, M. Skrifvars et al., Recycling of LPoly-(lactide)-Poly-(butylene-succinate)-flax biocomposite, Polym. Degrad. Stab, vol.128, pp.77-88, 2016.

J. E. Van-dam and T. A. Gorshkova, Cell walls and Fibers / Fiber formation, In Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences

C. Baley and A. Bourmaud, Average tensile properties of French elementary flax fibers, Mater. Lett, vol.122, pp.159-161, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00988042

D. U. Shah, Developing plant fibre composites for structural applications by optimising composite parameters: a critical review, J. Mater. Sci, vol.48, pp.6083-6107, 2013.

A. K. Mohanty, M. Misra, and L. T. Drzal, Biopolymers, and Biocomposites, 2005.

N. A. De-bruyne, Plastic progress -Some further developments in the manufacture and use of synthetic materials for aircraft construction, Flight Aircr. Eng, pp.77-79, 1939.

S. Witayakran, W. Smitthipong, R. Wangpradid, R. Chollakup, and P. L. Clouston, Natural Fiber Composites: Review of Recent Automotive Trends, In Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering

, ISBN 9780128035818, 2017.

C. Baley and A. Bourmaud, Average tensile properties of French elementary flax fibers, Mater. Lett, vol.122, pp.159-161, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00988042

A. V. Snegireva, M. V. Ageeva, S. I. Amenitskii, T. E. Chernova, M. Ebskamp et al., Intrusive growth of sclerenchyma fibers, Russ. J. Plant Physiol, vol.57, pp.342-355, 2010.

P. Mikshina, T. Chernova, S. Chemikosova, N. Ibragimova, N. Mokshina et al., Cellulosic fibers: Role of matrix polysaccharides in structure and function, In CelluloseFundamental Aspects, pp.91-112, 2013.

F. Bert, Lin fibre -Culture et transformation

E. Arvalis, , 2013.

J. E. Van-dam and T. A. Gorshkova, Cell walls and Fibers / Fiber formation, In Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences

T. A. Gorshkova, V. V. Sal'nikov, S. B. Chemikosova, M. V. Ageeva, N. V. Pavlencheva et al., The snap point: A transition point in Linum usitatissimum bast fiber development, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.18, pp.213-221, 2003.

T. Gorshkova, N. Mokshina, T. Chernova, N. Ibragimova, V. Salnikov et al., Aspen tension wood fibers contain ?-(1?4)-galactans and acidic arabinogalactans retained by cellulose microfibrils in gelatinous walls, Plant Physiol, vol.169, pp.2048-2063, 2015.

C. Djemiel, S. Grec, and S. Hawkins, Characterization of bacterial and fungal community dynamics by high-throughput sequencing (HTS) metabarcoding during flax dew-retting, Front. Microbiol, vol.8, pp.1-16, 2017.

H. S. Sharma, G. Faughey, and D. Mcdall, Effect of sample preparation and heating rate on the differential thermogravimetric analysis of flax fibres, J. Text Inst, vol.87, p.249, 1996.

D. E. Akin, J. A. Foulk, R. B. Dodd, D. D. Mcalister, D. E. Akin et al., Enzyme-retting of flax and characterization of processed fibers, J. Biotechnol, vol.89, pp.193-203, 2001.

G. Coroller, A. Lefeuvre, A. Le-duigou, A. Bourmaud, G. Ausias et al., Effect of flax fibres individualisation on tensile failure of flax/epoxy unidirectional composite, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf, vol.51, pp.62-70, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00985219

H. S. Sharma, Chemical retting of flax using chelating compounds, Ann. Appl. Biol, vol.113, pp.159-165, 1988.

V. Placet, A. Day, and J. Beaugrand, The influence of unintended field retting on the physicochemical and mechanical properties of industrial hemp bast fibres, J. Mater. Sci, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01607015

I. Van-de-weyenberg, J. Ivens, A. De-coster, B. Kino, and E. Baetens, Verpoest, I. Influence of processing and chemical treatment of flax fibres on their composites, Compos. Sci. Technol, vol.63, pp.1241-1246, 2003.

S. Alix, L. Lebrun, S. Marais, E. Philippe, A. Bourmaud et al., Pectinase treatments on technical fibres of flax: Effects on water sorption and mechanical properties, Carbohydr. Polym, vol.87, pp.177-185, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00988005

N. Martin, N. Mouret, P. Davies, and C. Baley, Influence of the degree of retting of flax fibers on the tensile properties of single fibers and short fiber/polypropylene composites, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.49, pp.755-767, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00985232

K. Velde and E. Van-de;-baetens, Thermal and mechanical properties of flax fibres as potential composite reinforcement, Macromol. Mater. Eng, vol.286, pp.342-349, 2001.

O. Arnould and R. Arinero, Towards a better understanding of wood cell wall characterisation with contact resonance atomic force microscopy, Compos. Part A, vol.74, pp.69-76, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01232551

O. Arnould, D. Siniscalco, A. Bourmaud, A. Le-duigou, and C. Baley, Better insight into the nanomechanical properties of flax fibre cell walls, vol.97, pp.224-228, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01436083

U. P. Agarwal, Raman imaging to investigate ultrastructure and composition of plant cell walls: Distribution of lignin and cellulose in black spruce wood (Picea mariana), Planta, vol.224, pp.1141-1153, 2006.

D. S. Himmelsbach and D. E. Akin, Near-infrared Fourier-transform Raman spectroscopy of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) stems, J. Agric. Food Chem, vol.46, pp.991-998, 1998.

H. G. Edwards, D. W. Farwell, and D. Webster, FT Raman microscopy of untreated natural plant fibres, Spectrochim. Acta -Part A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc, vol.1425, pp.2383-2392, 1997.

N. Matsko and M. Mueller, AFM of biological material embedded in epoxy resin, J. Struct. Biol, vol.146, pp.334-343, 2004.

Y. Meng, S. Wang, Z. Cai, T. M. Young, G. Du et al., A novel sample preparation method to avoid influence of embedding medium during nano-indentation, Appl. Phys. A, pp.361-369, 2013.

J. Konnerth, D. Harper, S. H. Lee, T. G. Rials, and W. Gindl, Adhesive penetration of wood cell walls investigated by scanning thermal microscopy (SThM), Holzforschung, vol.62, pp.91-98, 2008.

L. Wagner, T. K. Bader, and K. De-borst, Nanoindentation of wood cell walls: Effects of sample preparation and indentation protocol, J. Mater. Sci, vol.49, pp.94-102, 2014.

B. Clair, J. Gril, K. Baba, B. Thibaut, and J. Sugiyama, Precautions for the structural analysis of the gelatinous layer in tension wood, IAWA J, vol.26, pp.189-195, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00004517

A. Jäger, T. Bader, K. Hofstetter, and J. Eberhardsteiner, The relation between indentation modulus, microfibril angle, and elastic properties of wood cell walls, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf, vol.42, pp.677-685, 2011.

L. Segal, J. J. Creely, A. E. Martin, and C. M. Conrad, An empirical method for estimating the degree of crystallinity of native cellulose using the X-Ray diffractometer, Text. Res. J, vol.29, pp.786-794, 1959.

P. T. Larsson, K. Wickholm, and T. Iversen, A CP/MAS13C NMR investigation of molecular ordering in celluloses, Carbohydr. Res, vol.302, pp.130-134, 1997.

A. Villares, C. Moreau, C. Bennati-granier, S. Garajova, L. Foucat et al., Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases disrupt the cellulose fibers structure, Sci. Rep, vol.7, pp.40262-40270, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01595678

R. H. Newman, Estimation of the lateral dimensions of cellulose crystallites using C-13 NMR signal strengths, Solid State Nucl. Magn. Reson, vol.15, pp.21-29, 1999.

W. Kolodziejski and J. Klinowski, Kinetics of cross-polarization in solid-state NMR: A Guide for chemists, Chem. Rev, vol.102, pp.613-628, 2002.

M. Paris, H. Bizot, J. Emery, and J. Buzaré, Buléon, A. NMR local range investigations in amorphous starchy substrates: II-Dynamical heterogeneity probed by 1H/13C magnetization transfer and 2D WISE solid state NMR, Int. J. Biol. Macromol, vol.29, p.161, 2001.

H. L. Bos, K. Molenveld, W. Teunissen, A. M. Van-wingerde, and D. R. Van-delft, Compressive behaviour of unidirectional flax fibre reinforced composites, J. Mater. Sci, vol.39, pp.2159-2168, 2004.

A. W. Van-vuure, J. Baets, K. Wouters, and K. Hendrickx, Compressive properties of natural fibre composites, Mater. Lett, vol.149, pp.138-140, 2015.

C. Baley and A. Bourmaud, Average tensile properties of French elementary flax fibers, Mater. Lett, vol.122, pp.159-161, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00988042

A. Bourmaud, M. Gibaud, and C. Baley, Impact of the seeding rate on flax stem stability and the mechanical properties of elementary fibres, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.80, pp.17-25, 2016.

A. Kulma, M. Zuk, S. H. Long, C. S. Qiu, Y. F. Wang et al., Biotechnology of fibrous flax in Europe and China, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.68, pp.50-59, 2015.

A. V. Snegireva, M. V. Ageeva, S. I. Amenitskii, T. E. Chernova, M. Ebskamp et al., Intrusive growth of sclerenchyma fibers, Russ. J. Plant Physiol, vol.57, pp.342-355, 2010.

C. Rihouey, F. Paynel, T. Gorshkova, and C. Morvan, Flax cellulosic fibres: how to assess the noncellulosic polysaccharides and to approach cell wall supramolecular design, 2017.

K. Charlet, J. P. Jernot, M. Gomina, J. Bréard, C. Morvan et al., Influence of an Agatha flax fibre location in a stem on its mechanical, chemical and morphological properties, Compos. Sci. Technol, vol.69, pp.1399-1403, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00404015

C. Andème-onzighi, R. Girault, I. His, C. Morvan, and A. Driouich, Immunocytochemical characterization of early-developing flax fiber cell walls, Protoplasma, vol.213, pp.235-245, 2000.

C. Baley, A. Le-duigou, A. Bourmaud, P. Davies, M. Nardin et al., Reinforcement of polymers by flax fibers: role of interfaces. In Bio-Based Composites for High-Performance Materials, pp.87-112, 2014.

A. Day, K. Ruel, G. Neutelings, D. Crônier, H. David et al., Lignification in the flax stem: Evidence for an unusual lignin in bast fibers, Planta, vol.222, pp.234-245, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00305929

G. G. Deger, M. Pakdemirli, F. Candan, S. Akgün, H. Boyac? et al., Strength of wheat and barley stems and design of new beam/colums, Math. Comput. Appl, vol.15, pp.1-13, 2010.

D. J. Robertson, S. L. Smith, and D. D. Cook, On measuring the bending strength of septate grass stems, Am. J. Bot, vol.102, pp.5-11, 2015.

T. Leblicq, S. Vanmaercke, H. Ramon, and W. Saeys, Mechanical analysis of the bending behaviour of plant stems, Biosyst. Eng, vol.129, pp.87-99, 2015.

D. U. Shah, T. P. Reynolds, and M. H. Ramage, The strength of plants: theory and experimental methods to measure the mechanical properties of stems, J. Exp. Bot, vol.68, pp.4497-4516, 2017.

M. Gibaud, A. Bourmaud, and C. Baley, Understanding the lodging stability of green flax stems; The importance of morphology and fibre stiffness, Biosyst. Eng, vol.137, pp.9-21, 2015.

P. M. Berry, R. Sylvester-bradley, and S. Berry, Ideotype design for lodging-resistant wheat, Euphytica, vol.154, pp.165-179, 2007.

K. J. Niklas, Responses of hollow, septate stems to vibrations: Biomechanical evidence that nodes can act mechanically as spring-like joints, Ann. Bot, vol.80, pp.437-448, 1997.

F. Roussière, C. Baley, G. Godard, and D. Burr, Compressive and tensile behaviours of PLLA matrix composites reinforced with randomly dispersed flax fibres, Appl. Compos. Mater, vol.19, pp.171-188, 2012.

L. Smith, S. Mech, and M. , A survey of plastics from the viewpoint of the mechanical engineer, Inst. Mech. Eng, pp.29-43, 1945.

S. Liang, P. Gning, and L. Guillaumat, Quasi-static behaviour and damage assessment of flax/epoxy composites, Mater. Des, vol.67, pp.344-353, 2015.

Z. Mahboob, I. El-sawi, R. Zdero, Z. Fawaz, and H. Bougherara, Tensile and compressive damaged response in Flax fibre reinforced epoxy composites, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf, vol.92, pp.118-133, 2017.

N. A. De-bruyne, Plastic progress -Some further developments in the manufacture and use of synthetic materials for aircraft construction, Flight Aircr. Eng, pp.77-79, 1939.

J. S. Poulsen, P. M. Moran, C. F. Shih, and E. Byskov, Kink band initiation and band broadening in clear wood under compressive loading, Mech. Mater, vol.25, issue.96, pp.43-52, 1997.

B. D. Garland, I. J. Beyerlein, and L. S. Schadler, The development of compression damage zones in fibrous composites, Compos. Sci. Technol, vol.61, pp.176-178, 2001.

F. Bert, Lin fibre -Culture et transformation

E. Arvalis, , 2013.

K. Charlet, C. Baley, C. Morvan, J. P. Jernot, M. Gomina et al., Characteristics of Hermès flax fibres as a function of their location in the stem and properties of the derived unidirectional composites, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf, vol.38, 1912.

S. P. Timoshenko, N. Van, . Ed, and N. Van, Strength of Materials -part 2 -Advanced Theory and Problems. 9th printing, 1947.

A. Lefeuvre, A. Bourmaud, L. Lebrun, C. Morvan, and C. Baley, A study of the yearly reproducibility of flax fiber tensile properties, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.50, pp.400-407, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00985228

M. Khalfallah, B. Abbès, F. Abbès, Y. Q. Guo, V. Marcel et al., Innovative flax tapes reinforced Acrodur biocomposites: A new alternative for automotive applications, Mater. Des, vol.64, pp.116-126, 2014.

J. F. Siau, Transport Processes in Wood

T. E. Timell, . Ed, and S. Springer, , 1984.

C. Baley, Analysis of the flax fibres tensile behaviour and analysis of the tensile stiffness increase, Compos. -Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf, vol.33, pp.939-948, 2002.

L. Benabou, Kink band formation in wood species under compressive loading, Exp. Mech, vol.48, pp.647-656, 2008.

M. Zaune, M. Stampanoni, and P. Niemz, Failure and failure mechanisms of wood during longitudinal compression monitored by synchrotron micro-computed tomography, Holzforschung, vol.70, p.179, 2016.

J. P. Attwood, N. A. Fleck, H. N. Wadley, and V. S. Deshpande, The compressive response of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fibres and composites, Int. J. Solids Struct, vol.71, pp.141-155, 2015.

S. J. Deteresa, R. S. Porter, and R. J. Farris, Experimental verification of a microbuckling model for the axial compressive failure of high performance polymer fibres, J. Mater. Sci, vol.23, pp.1886-1894, 1988.

P. Evon, B. Barthod-malat, M. Grégoire, G. Vaca-medina, L. Labonne et al., Production of fiberboards from shives collected after continuous fiber mechanical extraction from oleaginous flax, J. Nat. Fibers, vol.0, pp.1-17, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01704039

P. Domone and J. Illston, Construction materials: Their nature and behaviour Fourth edition, 2010.

S. Bardet, J. Beauchene, and B. Thibaut, Influence of basic density and temperature on mechanical properties perpendicular to grain of ten wood tropical species, Ann. For. Sci, vol.60, pp.49-59, 2003.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00883676

K. H. Lo and E. Chim, Compressive strength of unidirectional composites, J. Reinf. Plast. Compos, vol.11, pp.838-896, 1992.

R. Gibson, Principles of composites materials mechanics, vol.9781439850053, 2012.

L. Duigou, A. Kervoelen, A. Le-grand, A. Nardin, M. Baley et al., Interfacial properties of flax fibre-epoxy resin systems: Existence of a complex interphase, Compos. Sci. Technol, vol.100, pp.152-157, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01115504

V. Kozez, H. Jiang, V. Mehta, and S. Kumar, Compressive behavior of materials: Part II. High performance fibers, vol.10, pp.1044-1061, 1995.

L. J. Gibson, The hierarchical structure and mechanics of plant materials, J R Soc Interface, vol.9, pp.2749-2766, 2012.

H. C. Spatz, L. Köhler, and T. Speck, Biomechanics and functional anatomy of hollow-stemmed sphenopsids. I. Equisetum giganteum (Equisetaceae), Am. J. Bot, vol.85, pp.305-314, 1998.

G. Jaouen, T. Alméras, C. Coutand, and M. Fournier, How to determine sapling buckling risk with only few measurements, Am. J. Bot, vol.94, pp.1583-1593, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01032059

K. J. Niklas and H. Spatz, Growth and hydraulic (not mechanical) constraints govern the scaling of tree height and mass, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A, vol.101, pp.15661-15663, 2004.

E. De-langre, Effects of wind on plants, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech, vol.40, pp.141-168, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01022800

Z. Jankauskiene, Results of 90 years of flax breeding in Lithuania, Proc. Latv. Acad. Sci. Sect. B Nat. Exact, Appl. Sci, vol.68, pp.184-192, 2014.

R. A. Fischer and M. Stapper, Lodging effects on high-yielding crops of irrigated semidwarf wheat, F. Crop. Res, vol.17, pp.245-258, 1987.

C. L. Vera, S. D. Duguid, S. L. Fox, K. Y. Rashid, J. C. Dribnenki et al., Short Communication: Comparative effect of lodging on seed yield of flax and wheat, Can. J. Plant Sci, vol.92, pp.39-43, 2012.

P. M. Berry and J. Spink, Predicting yield losses caused by lodging in wheat, F. Crop. Res, vol.137, pp.19-26, 2012.

K. J. Niklas, Plant height and the properties of some herbaceous stems, Ann. Bot, vol.75, pp.133-142, 1995.

K. J. Niklas and H. Spatz, Growth and hydraulic (not mechanical) constraints govern the scaling of tree height and mass, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A, vol.101, pp.15661-15663, 2004.

A. Bourmaud, M. Gibaud, and C. Baley, Impact of the seeding rate on flax stem stability and the mechanical properties of elementary fibres, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.80, pp.17-25, 2016.

T. Mcmahon, Elastic criteria impose limits on biological proportions, and consequently on metabolic rates, Science, vol.179, issue.80, pp.1201-1204, 1973.

K. J. Niklas, Interspecific allometries of critical buckling height and actual plant height, Am. J. Bot, vol.81, pp.1275-1279, 1994.

A. G. Greenhill, Determination of the greatest height consistent with stability that a vertical pole or mast can be made, and the greatest height to which a tree of given proportions can grow, Proc. Camb. Philol. Soc, vol.1881, pp.65-73

G. Jaouen, T. Alméras, C. Coutand, and M. Fournier, How to determine sapling buckling risk with only few measurements, Am. J. Bot, vol.94, pp.1583-1593, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01032059

N. L. Biddington, The effects of mechanically-induced stress in plants -a review, Plant Growth Regul, vol.4, pp.103-123, 1986.

M. J. Jaffe and . Thigmomorphogenesis, The response of plant growth and development to mechanical stimulation, Planta, vol.114, pp.143-157, 1973.

C. Mitchell, Seismomorphogenic regulation of plant growth, J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci, vol.100, pp.161-165, 1975.

F. Brüchert and B. Gardiner, The effect of wind exposure on the tree aerial architecture and biomechanics of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis, Pinaceae), Am. J. Bot, vol.93, pp.1512-1521, 2006.

M. Crook and R. Ennos, Mechanical differences between free-standing and supported wheat plants, Triticum aestivum L, Ann. Bot, vol.77, pp.197-202, 1996.

J. Grace and G. Russell, The effect of wind on grasses, J. Exp. Bot, vol.28, pp.90014-90021, 1977.

P. M. Berry, M. Sterling, J. H. Spink, C. J. Baker, R. Sylvester-bradley et al., Understanding and reducing lodging in cereals, Adv. Agron, vol.84, pp.84005-84012, 2004.

N. N. Ibragimova, M. V. Ageeva, and T. A. Gorshkova, Development of gravitropic response: unusual behavior of flax phloem G-fibers, Protoplasma, vol.254, pp.749-762, 2017.

C. Coutand, Mechanosensing and thigmomorphogenesis, a physiological and biomechanical point of view, Plant Sci, vol.179, pp.168-182, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00964813

E. J. Mellerowicz and T. A. Gorshkova, Tensional stress generation in gelatinous fibres: a review and possible mechanism based on cell-wall structure and composition, J. Exp. Bot, vol.63, pp.551-565, 2012.

A. Lefeuvre, A. Bourmaud, L. Lebrun, C. Morvan, and C. Baley, A study of the yearly reproducibility of flax fiber tensile properties, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.50, pp.400-407, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00985228

N. S. Tiver, Studies of the flax plant 1. Physiology of growth, stem anatomy and fibre development in fibre flax, Aust. J. Exp. Biol. Med. Sci, vol.20, pp.149-160, 1942.

T. Leblicq, S. Vanmaercke, H. Ramon, and W. Saeys, Mechanical analysis of the bending behaviour of plant stems, Biosyst. Eng, vol.129, pp.87-99, 2015.

S. P. Timoshenko, N. Van, . Ed, and N. Van, Strength of materials -Part 2 -Advanced theory and problems, 1930.

T. Alméras, M. Derycke, G. Jaouen, J. Beauchêne, and M. Fournier, Functional diversity in gravitropic reaction among tropical seedlings in relation to ecological and developmental traits, J. Exp. Bot, vol.60, pp.4397-4410, 2009.

T. Alméras, J. Gril, and E. Costes, Bending of apricot tree branches under the weight of axillary growth: Test of a mechanical model with experimental data, Trees -Struct. Funct, vol.16, pp.5-15, 2002.

B. Robinson, The time to harvest fiber flax, p.22, 1931.

A. Herrel, T. Speck, and N. P. Rowe, A mechanical approach to the ecology of animals and plants

A. Herrel, T. Speck, and N. P. Rowe, , 2006.

M. J. O'dogherty, J. A. Huber, J. Dyson, and C. J. Marshall, A study of the physical and mechanical poperties of wheat straw, J. Agric. Eng. Res, vol.62, pp.133-142, 1995.

T. Speck and I. Burgert, Plant stems: functional design and mechanics, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res, vol.41, pp.169-193, 2011.

D. E. Kretschmann, Chapter 5 -Mechanical properties of wood. In Wood Handbook -Wood as an engineering material, pp.1-46, 2010.

C. Baley and A. Bourmaud, Average tensile properties of French elementary flax fibers, Mater. Lett, vol.122, pp.159-161, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00988042

A. V. Snegireva, M. V. Ageeva, S. I. Amenitskii, T. E. Chernova, M. Ebskamp et al., Intrusive growth of sclerenchyma fibers, Russ. J. Plant Physiol, vol.57, pp.342-355, 2010.

T. A. Gorshkova, V. V. Sal'nikov, S. B. Chemikosova, M. V. Ageeva, N. V. Pavlencheva et al., The snap point: A transition point in Linum usitatissimum bast fiber development, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.18, pp.213-221, 2003.

J. E. Van-dam and T. A. Gorshkova, Cell walls and Fibers / Fiber formation, In Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences

P. A. Koch, Microscopie and chemical testing of textiles, 1963.

T. A. Gorshkova, M. V. Ageeva, V. V. Salnikov, N. V. Pavlencheva, A. V. Snegireva et al., ?????? ???????????? ??????? ??????? Linum usitatissimum (Linaceae), Bot. J, vol.88, pp.1-11, 2003.

V. Brulé, A. Rafsanjani, D. Pasini, and T. L. Western, Hierarchies of plant stiffness, Plant Sci, vol.250, pp.79-96, 2016.

K. Heller, Q. C. Sheng, F. Guan, E. Alexopoulou, L. S. Hua et al., A comparative study between Europe and China in crop management of two types of flax: linseed and fibre flax, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.68, pp.24-31, 2015.

N. Martin, N. Mouret, P. Davies, and C. Baley, Influence of the degree of retting of flax fibers on the tensile properties of single fibers and short fiber/polypropylene composites, Ind. Crops Prod, vol.49, pp.755-767, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00985232