Homo- et hétérosynaptique spike-timing-dependent plasticity aux synapses cortico- et thalamo-striatales

Abstract : According to Hebbian postulate, neural circuits tune their synaptic weights depending on patterned firing of action potential on either side of the synapse. Spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) is an experimental implementation of Hebbian plasticity that relies on the precise order and the millisecond timing of the paired activities in pre- and postsynaptic neurons. The striatum, the primary entrance to basal ganglia, integrates excitatory inputs from both cerebral cortex and thalamus whose activities can be concomitant or delayed. Thus, temporal coding of cortical and thalamic information via STDP paradigm may be crucial for the role of the striatum in procedural learning. Here, we explored cortico-striatal and thalamo-striatal synaptic plasticity and their interplay through STDP paradigm. The main results described here are:1. Opposing spike-timing dependent plasticity at cortical and thalamic inputs drive heterosynaptic plasticity in striatumIf the vast majority of the studies focused on cortico-striatal synaptic plasticity, much less is known about thalamo-striatal plasticity rules and their interplay with cortico-striatal plasticity. Here, we explored thalamo-striatal STDP and how thalamo-striatal and cortico-striatal synaptic plasticity interplay. a) While bidirectional and anti-Hebbian STDP was observed at cortico-striatal synapses, thalamo-striatal exhibited bidirectional and hebbian STDP...
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Alexandre Mendes. Homo- et hétérosynaptique spike-timing-dependent plasticity aux synapses cortico- et thalamo-striatales. Neurosciences [q-bio.NC]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066432⟩. ⟨tel-02300839⟩

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