Construction et perception de la part olfactive de l'expérience de nature : complémentarité des relations cognitives, écologiques et sensorielles de la nature

Abstract : Modern humans are currently experiencing a transformation of their environment and of their way of life that are impacting the way they can experience nature in their daily life. These experiences of nature are of great importance for the well-being and health of individuals. They are complex phenomena, anchored in an environmental context, but also socio-cultural, which are based on closely intertwined components that are emotions, memories, knowledge, but also all the sensory stimuli perceived by the human body. Among the senses mobilized, the sense of smell, by its memory and emotional importance, seems to play a singular part in the relationship that weaves the human to nature. The work conducted in this thesis, articulating around three axes of research and reflection, concerns this role of the olfaction in the experience of nature. In a first chapter, we discuss how to characterize the olfactory part of the experience of nature from an individual point of view. The thought developed in this chapter is based on the implementation and the analysis of the answers from a questionnaire linking together the olfaction, the identity and the sensory uses of spaces of nature declared by the individuals. In the second chapter, we addressed how the olfactory nature experience is embedded in an environment and in context, and how this anchor influences how the individual lives and describes their olfactory experience. The reflection of this chapter is based on testimonies gathered from commented olfactory walks and in situ questionnaires. Finally, based on the results of previous studies, in the third and last chapter of this thesis, we focus on how the olfactory experience of nature can have a transformative role for the individual, and particularly in the context of restorative environment. To conclude, we discuss the theoretical and practical openings, and applications that the results of the thesis work can bring, and particularly the place that sensory, embodied and olfactory experiences might take in the future in the way of thinking and enriching experiences of nature.
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Minh-Xuan Truong. Construction et perception de la part olfactive de l'expérience de nature : complémentarité des relations cognitives, écologiques et sensorielles de la nature. Environnement et Société. Museum national d'histoire naturelle - MNHN PARIS, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MNHN0026⟩. ⟨tel-02299760⟩

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