Design and synthesis of fluorescent glyco-dots for detection and cell imaging

Abstract : With scientific and social progress, various methods for the specific and sensitive detection of metals, proteins and other biomolecules are widely utilized in environmental protection, disease surveillance, drug therapy, agricultural production, industry and other significant areas. Fluorescent probes are widely developed based on ICT, PET, FRET and other fluorescence mechanisms, and applied to the detection of contaminants or in cell imaging. But the ACQ effect usually quenched the fluorescence intensity and thus limited the applications of organic probes in cell imaging and living systems. Therefore, the concept of aggregated-induced emission (AIE) appears as a possible solution to these problems and several fluorescent glycoclusters, glyco-probes and glyco-complexes were designed and reported for biological analysis. Our first project aimed to design and synthesize fluorescent glyco-polymers with multiple glycosides for cell targeting and drug delivery while fluorescence will allow the detection of the targeted cells. To overcome the ACQ effect and interference from natural biological background fluorescence, we conjugated dicyanomethylene-4H-pyran (DCM) and tetraphenylethene (TPE) to obtain near-infrared AIE fluorescent probes. The glycosides provided good water solubility and self-assembly in water led to detection systems and imaging cancer cells. TPE-based glycopolymers were synthesized from TPE monomers incorporating two monosaccharides by CuAAC conjugation and these monomers were polymerized by either CuAAC or thiol-ene “click” reactions. The TPE-based glycopolymers did not display a large chain length (typically less than 7 units) and the expected fluorescent properties could not be reached. We then designed and synthesized glyco-dots self-assembled by DCM probes and TPE-based glycoclusters. The glyco-dots displayed high water-solubility and selective response to peroxynitrite (ONOO-) both in vitro and in cell assays. The glyco-dots could detect endogenous and exogenous ONOO- but no specific cell recognition. We designed and synthesized AIE fluorescent probes which could self-assemble with TPE-based glycoclusters. The resulting glyco-dots were readily water soluble and displayed excellent sensitivity and selectivity for thiophenol detection in vitro and in environmental water samples. We finally combined both TPE and DCM moieties to synthesize a novel AIE fluorophore (TPE-DCM) with long-wavelength emission. Then conjugation with glycosides through CuAAC led to AIE fluorescent probes with long-wavelength emission, excellent water-solubility. Application to the detection of glycosidases in vitro and in cell assays or animal models was possible with these probes
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Lei Dong. Design and synthesis of fluorescent glyco-dots for detection and cell imaging. Organic chemistry. Université de Lyon, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE1153⟩. ⟨tel-02299416⟩

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