Dynamique des populations de méligèthes, Brassicogethes aeneus Fabr. (Coleoptera, Nitidulidae) et de son principal parasitoïde, Tersilochus heterocerus Thomson (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) en fonction de l’hétérogénéité des paysages agricoles

Abstract : More effective biological regulation of field crop pests by their natural enemies requires a better understanding of the biology of these species and their patterns of dispersal in agricultural landscapes. The objective of this work is to increase knowledge on the dynamics of pollen beetles populations and their main parasitoid. Using an approach based on the analysis of microsatellites, we have shown that the genetic structuring of pollen beetle populations in Europe is weak. Populations of T. heterocerus are more structured. With statistical models applied to the abundance of pollen beetles, we have shown that they travel an average of 1.2 km, after overwintering. This average distance is comparable to that estimated from results of sibship analysis between pairs of individualsWith fieldwork, we quantified and identified the determinants of pollen beetles presence in habitats other than rapeseed. In spring, pollen beetles can be seen in grasslands, fallows and field edges with yellow flowers. In summer, pollen beetles are present in these habitats, wherever there are flowers, without distinction of colour, especially on the weeds of crops. Finally, the presence of parasitoids seems to be more strongly determined by the presence of pollen beetles than by landscape elements. The landscape plays a decisive role on this pair of species. Moreover, throught modelling, estimates of the demographic parameters carried out would help to shape the actions to be taken to limit the damage caused by pollen beetles.
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Amandine Juhel. Dynamique des populations de méligèthes, Brassicogethes aeneus Fabr. (Coleoptera, Nitidulidae) et de son principal parasitoïde, Tersilochus heterocerus Thomson (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) en fonction de l’hétérogénéité des paysages agricoles. Agronomie. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLA035⟩. ⟨tel-02299307⟩

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