Privilégier la santé ou le plaisir : impact des attitudes envers l’alimentation et du contexte sur les choix alimentaires des enfants normo-pondéraux et en surpoids âgés de 5 à 11 ans

Abstract : In the food domain, pleasure and health are often viewed as two opposite sides of a coin. However, surprisingly sparse research has examined the relative influence of hedonic versus nutritional considerations on food choices, especially in children. Yet, a better understanding of the factors that underlie healthy or unhealthy eating in children is of particular importance because eating habits are early shaped. To fill this gap, we explored the relationships between hedonic- versus nutrition-based attitudes towards food, pleasure- versus health-oriented eating contexts and children’s food choices. First, our results showed that the relative dominance of nutrition- versus hedonic-based implicit and/or explicit attitudes varied by age, weight status and cultural context in children. Moreover, children with implicit and explicit nutrition-based attitudes performed the unhealthiest food choices for their afternoon snack during a buffet test in our laboratory. However, a health-oriented context has been shown to enhance healthy food choices compared to a pleasure-oriented context. Collectively, these results add to the literature regarding the determinants of children’s eating behaviors and give some interesting insights regarding the potential role of pleasure in building public health strategies to promote healthy eating behaviors among normal- and overweight children.
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Lucile Marty. Privilégier la santé ou le plaisir : impact des attitudes envers l’alimentation et du contexte sur les choix alimentaires des enfants normo-pondéraux et en surpoids âgés de 5 à 11 ans. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017UBFCK059⟩. ⟨tel-02299240⟩

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