Mesure des tendances comportementales d'approche/évitement : le rôle des processus sensorimoteurs

Abstract : This work focuses on the processes underlying approach/avoidance tendencies reactivation. In this thesis, we defend the idea that these tendencies reactivation depends on the present sensorimotor information and its similarity with past sensorimotor information associated with approach/avoidance behaviors. In the first part, we tested if reproducing the most representative sensorimotor (here, visual) approach/avoidance information led to a better reactivation of approach/avoidance tendencies. Through eight experiments, when the visual information displayed in the task was representative of these actions, approach/avoidance effects were stronger than when this visual information was absent. Moreover, the effects we produced (with this visual information in the task) were strong and replicable. In the two next parts, we tested if the reactivation of approach/avoidance tendencies depends on personal characteristics theoretically associated with approach/avoidance behaviors. Through seven experiments, we showed that approach/avoidance tendencies varied as function of these personal characteristics theoretically associated with intergroup behaviors and consumption behaviors. Overall, this work is in line with the idea that approach/avoidance tendencies reactivation rely on sensory information associated with past approach/avoidance actions
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Marine Rougier. Mesure des tendances comportementales d'approche/évitement : le rôle des processus sensorimoteurs. Psychologie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAS029⟩. ⟨tel-02298578⟩

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