La diversité culturelle des peuples autochtones dans la jurisprudence constitionnelle colombienne : la reconstruction du paradigme de justice interculturelle

Abstract : The legal disputes around the multiculturalism and around the ethnic justice are at the heartof the legal and philosophic debates. In this matter Colombia today and its current ethnicconflicts are particularly significant of these debates. This country is ruled through the 1991Constitution as a multiethnic and multicultural State. Indigenous peoples have been alsorecognized as well and the rights tied to their cultural difference have been registered in thisnormative text. In this political and legal context, the Constitutional court of the countryplayed a fundamental role in the interpretation and the definition of these new rights. As faras the analysis of the jurisprudence and what we call here paradigm of the interculturaljustice are concerned, we shall rely on the distinction made by the philosopher Nancy Fraserabout the social justice as a redistribution and a recognition. This distinction will thus lead theanalysis which we develop about that subject, and will at the same time help us tryto complement in the studies concerning this population. This framework of interpretationof the autochthonous question will authorize us to highlight the limits of the recognition of thecultural diversity when it comes to the economic question, the general interest or the statereason. It will also allow us to estimate the consistency of the paradigm of the interculturaljustice and its implicit philosophy. This approach of the judge’s decision involves that weconsider that the jurisprudence can contain a strong bitof political philosophy, or in otherwords, that the jurisprudence contains one or several implicit philosophies. We are thusparticularly interested here in highlighting this implicit philosophy.
Keywords : Colombia
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Melisa Lopez Hernandez. La diversité culturelle des peuples autochtones dans la jurisprudence constitionnelle colombienne : la reconstruction du paradigme de justice interculturelle. Droit. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAD012⟩. ⟨tel-02297785⟩

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