Le consentement à l'acte médical des personnes vulnérables

Abstract : The system of Consent to medical treatment for vulnerable persons – whether minors or adults without capacity – is a sensitive subject for legislator. The law has to combine protection of the patients’ physical integrity as well as the respect for their autonomy. The current state of law fails to achieve this purpose. Minors patients are deprived of their right to consent on their own, regardless of their age or level of maturity. Adults without capacity are treated in various ways depending on whether their legal protection is taken into account or not by the Public Health Code. An additional challenge is the existence of various medical acts that depend on specific regulations. Here we discuss the current limits of the law and propose a new system for the consent to medical treatment, which would be more respectful of the autonomy of minors patients or adults without capacity. Consent to medical treatment would depend on the ability to consent rather than on each patient’s legal status, such as stated in legislations from Switzerland or Quebec. However, the will to confer a larger autonomy should not put patient’s physical integrity at risk. Therefore, patients’ capacity for decision-making would depend whether the proposed care is required or not by their health state.
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Nour Le Du. Le consentement à l'acte médical des personnes vulnérables. Droit. Université Paris Est Créteil, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02297034⟩

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