Spinoza e gli storici latini. L'uso di storie, citazioni ed esempi nella filosofia politica spinoziana

Abstract : In letter 56, Spinoza does not recognize ancient philosophers’ authority and urges Hugo Boxel to follow only his reason in order to acquire knowledge. Notwithstanding this radical stance, Spinoza quotes, makes references and gives examples which are mostly excerpted from Roman historians; he takes Tacitus’, Sallut’s , Quintus Curtius Rufus’ words and histories seriously to the point that he says, in the TP, that “no one that knows Histories” – the Histories by Tacitus – “can ignore” the rightness of his argumentation. In this work, my aim is to address this apparent contradiction. Articulated in four sections, my dissertation shows how Spinoza uses his sources and which role they play in formulating his political philosophy.Each section focuses on a different aspect of this relationship: the first one is devoted to Spinoza’s education, to his cultural background and to Early modern’s forms of quoting. In the second one, I highlight the existence of a monarchist political current, Tacitism, which makes a consistent use of ancient historian’s quotes; Spinoza confronts this tradition, giving to the ancient writers’ words and maximes a completely different sense. Nevertheless, Spinoza quotes not only for a polemical purpose. In contrast, the references and the exemples seem to fulfil four functions: rhetoric, argumentative, polemic and anthropologic. The last one indicates that thr Roman historians’ words and stories are an integral part of Spinoza’s political philosophy. Finally, in section four, I identify the roles that narrations and stories play in a political philosophy whose aim is to be, at the same time, scientific as well as pragmatic.
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Marta Libertà de Bastiani. Spinoza e gli storici latini. L'uso di storie, citazioni ed esempi nella filosofia politica spinoziana. Philosophy. Université de Lyon; Università degli studi Roma Tre, 2019. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSEN012⟩. ⟨tel-02296863⟩

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