Production et caractérisation structurale et fonctionnelle de la protéine membranaire recombinante TSPO

Abstract : TSPO previously named peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) is a membrane protein mostly involved in cholesterol transport from the cytosol to the matrix of mitochondria, a limiting step in steroids and bile salts biosynthesis.Production of recombinant mouse TSPO has been performed by plasmid expression in Escherichia coli bacteria. Purification has been obtained by immobilized affinity chromatography (IMAC) using polyhistidine tag encoded by recombinant gene. Various membranous mimetic environments such as detergents, lysoderivates, lipids have been tested from structural and functional point of view. Among tested detergents, dodecyl phosphocholine (DPC) has permitted the best protein refolding. The presence of lysoderivate (LMPE) or phospholipids (DMPC/DMPE) increased protein stability. Binding of TSPO high affinity ligands (PK 11195, cholesterol, protoporphyrin IX) has been measured in different conditions studied by biochemical and biophysical techniques. Three structural approaches (EM, XR and NMR) have been performed after optimization of production conditions and protein stabilization. Results gained have been discussed in line with TSPO atomic structure published within these last months. In parallel with structural studies, functional measurements have been carried out by site directed mutagenesis in order to gain data on binding site of PK 11195. These data have been faced with recently published TSPO atomic structure stabilized with this ligand and enabled to propose functional implication of mutated amino acids. Transport mechanism of cholesterol by TSPO is discussed.
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Soria Iatmanen. Production et caractérisation structurale et fonctionnelle de la protéine membranaire recombinante TSPO. Biologie moléculaire. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA066561⟩. ⟨tel-02296214⟩

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