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, des macropores), l'accumulation de ruissellement en surface (contrôlée par la topographie, l'intensité des épi-sodes de pluie et la couverture végétale) et les pertes d'eau provenant des cours d'eau (également contrôlées par de nombreux facteurs, tels que la perméabilité du lit du cours d'eau, la pente et la densité du réseau de drainage?)

L. Premièrement and . Entisols, qui se forment préféren-tiellement dans les réseaux de drainage, sont des zones qui résistent à la recharge diffuse

. Van-wyk, En cas de fortes pluies, la capacité d'infiltration des sols est dépassée, de sorte que l'eau s'écoule et crée des ruisseaux éphémères. Ces épisodes créent des conditions favorables à la recharge indirecte. D'autres études sur des terrains en milieu semiaride ont également révélé que des vallées basses remplies d'alluvions agissaient comme des terrains de recharge indirecte à la fois dans les zones de roches cristallines (par exemple, Néanmoins, les cartes de recharge totale montrent la tendance inverse: ces mêmes zones ont en réalité une recharge totale élevée, 2004.

, Il est également possible, même en l'absence d'écoulements importants à la surface, que l'écoulement latéral non-saturé déplace l'infiltration vers les parties inférieures du bassin. Cependant, il est connu que l'écoulement latéral à travers la matrice insaturée FIGURE F.1 : Schéma récapitulatif illustrant la relation entre les précipitations et la recharge pour la recharge diffuse