Les enjeux cognitifs et linguistiques du sujet parlant plurilingue en néoténie linguistique : le cas du locuteur chypriote-grec

Abstract : It is not realistic to claim that a speaker can use a language perfectly or that he /she has an excellent knowledge of whichever language, like many speakers like to claim when asked. It is true that a speaker may have some excellent linguistic skills, however cognitively speaking, this doesn’t say much. The cognitive relations that we maintain with the world’s languages are far beyond the linguistic dimension, excessively found in textbooks. Speaking a language means being able to exist in that language, in the sense that our being is there registered. We are led by our linguistic intuition to express ourselves and we do it spontaneously with respect to each language’s boundaries. However, all cognitive and linguistic relations we maintain with the world’s languages are subject to be modified in time; either evolve, deteriorate but they always change, that depends on the life’s circumstances. In that sense the speaker is considered an uncompleted being that is perfectible ad infinitum. This is one of the principles that advocates the theoretical framework that we adopt in this study. The theory of linguistic neoteny is a scientific study of the languages and their appropriation by the speakers, where the dichotomy linguistic events / appropriation facts is not considered as two entities but as one.In this study, using the theoretical framework of linguistic neoteny and adopting some new terms and concepts, we examine the interesting case of the Greek Cypriot speaker. A speaker, whose linguistic landscape, is at least complicated. These speakers’ first (chronologically) language is the Greek Cypriot dialect, but then with the school enrollment they have to speak and write in Modern Greek. Some speakers claim that in their everyday life, they speak Greek, some others that they speak Cypriot, while researchers also seem to be undecided. To this is added the de facto presence of at least another three languages in this speaker’s linguistic environment; English, French and Turkish. Using the theory of linguistic neoteny we seek to provide some evidence concerning the divergence of the dialect from the Modern Greek language and examine the cognitive relations the Greek Cypriot speakers maintain with all the languages found in their linguistic environment.
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Savvi Antoniou. Les enjeux cognitifs et linguistiques du sujet parlant plurilingue en néoténie linguistique : le cas du locuteur chypriote-grec. Linguistique. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019UBFCH014⟩. ⟨tel-02294659⟩

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