Généalogie du "family drama" : représentations des familles américaines dans les séries télévisées dramatiques familiales depuis les années 1970

Abstract : Families have occupied a politically and symbolically important place in the United States since the settlement of the English colonies in the American continent in the seventeenth century. They have been ubiquitous in TV drama since the early days of American commercial television in the late 1940s. Today, it is hard to find a television series that does not speak directly or indirectly about family. Yet, only few make them their main subject. In the 1950s and 1960s, families were already the subject of television programs, whether in sitcoms, soap operas or westerns. From the 1970s, they began to be the main focus of prime-time drama shows: family drama was born. The researcher Ella Taylor, in Prime Time Families, defines the family drama as "a dramatic series set in the home". The observation of evolutions of the family drama from the 1970s to now aims at understanding the evolution of the perceptions of the family in the collective imagination of American society. This chronological study, divided into three eras, analyzes the genealogy of the family drama as a genre. The first period began in 1972, with the beginning of the broadcast of The Waltons (CBS, 1972-1981) and ended in 1983, at the end of the broadcast of Little House on the Prairie (NBC, 1974-1983). The second period begins in 1978, with the start of the Dallas broadcast (CBS, 1978-1991) and ends in 1993, at the end of the broadcast of Knots Landing (CBS, 1979-1993). The third period began in 1994 with the launch of the release of Party of Five (Fox, 1994-2000) and ends in 2015 with Parenthood (NBC, 2010-2015).
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Camille Dupuy. Généalogie du "family drama" : représentations des familles américaines dans les séries télévisées dramatiques familiales depuis les années 1970. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BOR30012⟩. ⟨tel-02294576⟩

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