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Structuration de la matière grasse dans une matrice protéique laitière en fonction de la composition et du procédé : Influence sur les propriétés du produit

Abstract : There is a wide variety of dairy matrices on the market, with very different textures. Among them, high fat stirred yogurts (≥ 5%) are particularly appreciated by the consumers for their creamy texture. The creamy texture is linked to both the level of firmness and the fat perception in mouth (oily film, melting) and is directly driven by the structure of the product. The objective of this work was to change the texture of high fat stirred yogurts by tailoring their structure without addition of any additive.High fat stirred yogurts are concentrated dispersions of microgels, where each microgel is an emulsion-filled gel (i.e. fat droplets dispersed in a protein network and interacting with it via the interface). Several levers were identified in order to modify the structure and the main ones were the state of fat, the composition and the physico-chemical state of the interface, and the size and stiffness of the microgels. These levers were modified through formulation and process, either at pilot- scale (industrial partner) or at lab-scale (mini-line of stirred yogurt production specially developed).A multi-scale approach was adopted to understand the relationship between the structure and the macroscopic properties. The physico-chemical properties of milk proteins and fat were characterized. The interfacial properties of whey proteins were measured depending on their physico-chemical state. The microstructure was accurately characterized through the sizes of fat droplets and microgels, the shape and fractal dimension of microgels (with 3D reconstruction) and the quantitative analysis of the stirred yogurt microstructure (mathematical morphology). The macroscopic properties were measured by combining rheology (firmness) and tribology (lubrication) in conditions consistent with oral processing (shearing, temperature, materials). Each identified lever was individually tested and the nature of the interface and the composition of fat droplets were proved to be interesting in modifying the macroscopic properties (firmness, lubrication) of stirred yogurts. These two levers were eventually combined in a study to take their interdependence into account. All the work led to the statement of structuring mechanisms of the stirred yoghurts depending on the conditions of formulation and process used.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 23, 2019 - 2:40:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02294430, version 1



Marine Moussier. Structuration de la matière grasse dans une matrice protéique laitière en fonction de la composition et du procédé : Influence sur les propriétés du produit. Génie des procédés. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLA003⟩. ⟨tel-02294430⟩



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