Modeling questions for numerical simulations of aeronautical combustors

Abstract : The design of aeronautical combustion chambers requires a precise balance between the different physical phenomena involved, such as flame-turbulence interaction, heat losses, flame dynamics or fuel evaporation and mixing. Numerous numerical tools exist in the literature to predict these kinds of turbulent reacting flows. The unsteady turbulence models, for example LES (Large Eddy Simulation), represent an excellent compromise for the prediction of the mixing in realistic configurations. The tabulated chemistry approach is an attractive trade-off between computation cost and accuracy for predicting the structure of flames. In this thesis, advanced turbulence and tabulated chemistry models are applied to complex configurations in order to assess their ability to predict the structure of turbulent flames. The prediction of the FDF (Flame Describing Function) by the F-TACLES (Filtered TAbulated Chemistry for Large Eddy Simulations) model is compared to experimental data for a non-adiabatic premixed swirled flame. The FDF is well predicted for a wide range of frequencies and two velocity fluctuation levels. The origin of the discrepancies is analyzed. The first application of the F-TACLES model in a two-phase burner is proposed. The chosen burner is the KIAI spray jet flame, recently studied at CORIA. A detailed comparison with the experiments is performed and shows that F-TACLES is able to predict the correct flame shape. The ZDES (Zonal Detached Eddy Simulation) model is studied in a realistic aeronautical injector, the TLC configuration. In cold conditions, the ZDES is validated against velocity measurements and compared to LES results. In reacting conditions, the prediction of temperature profiles in the combustion chamber is greatly improved in the ZDES.
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Adrien Chatelier. Modeling questions for numerical simulations of aeronautical combustors. Fluids mechanics [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLC061⟩. ⟨tel-02294255⟩

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