Présences de la marionnette contemporaine : figure, figuration, défiguration

Abstract : Contemporary puppetry reinvents the relationship between dramatic and plastic gestures, inviting us to reconsider the principles and the implications of the act of figuration. The performing art works, generated by these experiences, avoid the designation of a fixed, material and unique puppet-object, so that a binary approach, opposing humans and objects, is no longer sufficient to consider the specificity of puppetry arts. Addressing the “presences of the puppet”, the thesis examines the puppet as a figure and a place for frictions between materials, bodies, spaces and wave mediums (lights and sounds). Such a figure, refusing tobe fixed in the visible, in the forms and the bodies, dramatizes its own disfigurement. Thus, the specificity of puppetry is the persistence of a fragile and discontinuous dramatic presence, despite the dislocation of the two bodies of the figure (material and virtual). Built on a central body of performing art works (by Les Ateliers du spectacle, the Clastic Théâtre, Phia Ménard, the Morbus Théâtre, La Mue/tte, Marta Pereira, the Rémouleurs, Benjamin Verdonck and Gisèle Vienne), and extending to other theatrical creations, installations and exhibitions, which offer a synchronic view on the margins of contemporary puppetry, this research examines the effects of circulation and spatialization of dramatic presence, which derive from the puppet disfigurement. The question is how the artists develop a spectral stage approach, based on the tension between the opacity of inert and inanimate objects and the evanescence of dematerialized figures. From an aesthetic and poïetic perspective, the research looks at the technical principles of the conception of a figure “in between” the bodies and objects, and its dramaturgical capacity to make visible the dream, the madness, the doubt, the hallucination. Finally it considers the specificity of the spectators’ position and work in front of such disfigured puppets.
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Julie Postel. Présences de la marionnette contemporaine : figure, figuration, défiguration. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambresis, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019VALE0007⟩. ⟨tel-02294006⟩

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