Etude théorique et expérimentale de micro-OLEDs rapides sur électrodes coplanaires en régime d'impulsions à haute densité de courant

Abstract : This thesis explores the pulsed electrical excitation of micro-OLEDs in order to evaluate the possibility of reaching the laser threshold in organic laser diodes that have not yet be demonstrated. The main goal is the identification of the scientific and technical solutions towards high electrical excitation current densities equivalent to the laser thresholds observed under optical pumping. In the literature, the lowest reported thresholds are equivalent to current densities between 0.72 and 4kA/cm², assuming an external quantum efficiency of 1%. Such current densities imply a pulsed electrical excitation regime to prevent the risks of device breakdown by Joule heating effects and to avoid losses by excitons annihilation processes, as long as the pulses duration are in nanosecond range. To expect efficient electrical and optical responses to such pulse durations, it is suggested to combine microwave electronics and organic optoelectronics. For this purpose, an equivalent electrical model of the organic light emitting device, allowing access to its on-off mode time response, is developed. Additionally, specific electrodes are designed and patterned in the coplanar waveguide configuration with characteristic impedance of 50Ω, inorder to control the impedance of the excitation circuit and to ensure the maximum energy transfer of the excitation pulse to the device. After deposition of organic hetero-structure based on the Alq3:DCM host-guest system, the device is characterized electrically and optically with different techniques by vector network analysis, in continuous mode and in pulse mode. In pulse excitation regime with very short pulses durations (2.5~20ns) and low repetition rate (100Hz), time response of 330ps and maximum current densities between 4 and 6kA/cm² are recorded while the maximum of luminance peaks at 4.11x10⁶ cd/m².
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Alex Chamberlain Chime. Etude théorique et expérimentale de micro-OLEDs rapides sur électrodes coplanaires en régime d'impulsions à haute densité de courant. Energie électrique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCD061⟩. ⟨tel-02294003⟩

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