Sociolinguistique de la surdité, didactisation de la pluralité linguistique : parcours de parents entendants en France et regards croisés sur la scolarisation des élèves sourds : France - États-Unis

Abstract : Newborn screening of deafness, made systematic in maternity since 2014, came to modify considerably the diagnosis and then the announcement to the parents. This research aims to study the representations and the experience of hearing parents of deaf children, from the screening of deafness, to the diagnosis, the announcement, and the "choices" of communication and education. A second component develops the schooling programs in place for deaf children in France, and particularly the Pole for Education for Deaf Youth (PEJS), created in 2017. The PEJS responds to the principle of inclusion in an ordinary environment, by offering the possibility of schooling in accordance with the language choices of the family. Sixty-one interviews were conducted for this research. Half of them with families whose deaf children are between the ages of six and ten, and with deaf adults communicating in sign language and oral-voice. These different testimonies show different experiences and have led us to question the notions of disability, identity, language and culture. The other half concerns educational supervisors and school teachers who welcome deaf students in France and in several states of the United States, from east to west. These interviews and observations provided additional insights into didactic practices for deaf students and led us to suggest ways of adapting teaching methods, described as being poorly developed in France according to several teachers interviewed.
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Pauline Rannou. Sociolinguistique de la surdité, didactisation de la pluralité linguistique : parcours de parents entendants en France et regards croisés sur la scolarisation des élèves sourds : France - États-Unis. Linguistique. Université Rennes 2, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018REN20045⟩. ⟨tel-02293624⟩

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