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Regards sur l'enfant dans la peinture de Joaquin Sorolla et la poésie de Juan Ramon Jiménez

Abstract : This PhD thesis offers a new approach to the studies between texts and images in painting and poetry, through Joaquín Sorolla and Juan Ramón Jiménez’s work, which use children as main characters. Childhood as a topic and the child as a pattern become fundamental in the artistic production of these contemporary artists, who were also friends. Moreover, at the beginning of the 20th century, children became more and more often a model for painting. The interest in childhood rose, when until then, it was just an instrument for adults: it was quite regular to see representations of children turned into mini versions of adults. The new relevance of the child goes with the education agreements (Rousseau’s Emile or on education), but also with the naturalistic movement, which is used to represent life «in all its forms and all its levels». In this context, the «sentiment of childhood» was born, as Philippe Ariès stated in his book L’enfant et la vie familiale sous l’Ancien Régime. Therefore, the artists seize the pattern of the child and try to unravel the mystery of this figure: the whole family goes around the child, and a nuclear conception of the family appears. children are considered as a reflection of their parents: this is why it was important to find an appropriate way to represent them, so all the family could take advantage of this image of flattery.Even though the child also became a trending topic in painting and poetry, the commercial assessment doesn’t reflect the vision of the two artists of this study. In fact, Sorolla and Jiménez aren’t inscribed in the global dynamic around the child’s figure, but show a different way of representing it, for personal or affective reasons in their work. First of all, the study attempts to demonstrate how the ideas of the child would be the origin of the artists’ closeness and how they saw this figure. Then, in which way we can consider the child as a metaphor of the artist. And how the choice of the child as a pattern enables to fix, firstly, a reflection of the child in both arts, secondly, a reflection of the status of the child in society, and finally a reflection around the child which is similar for the painter and the poet and contributes to mutually enlighten their works.There are three chapters in this study: after an historical establishment of the picture which allows us to know the perception of the child in our artists’ time, and to determine the closeness between Joaquín Sorolla and Juan Ramón Jiménez, thanks to the biographical, historical, social and cultural context where both artists evolved. It shows the common factors, their individual evolution but also their place in this social and cultural life they shared and orientated them to take the child as a topic. Therefore, the first chapte of the study is exclusively dedicated to justifying the association of these two singular artists and to prove their contacts, through the pattern of the child, and to recollect all the information that lead them to this choice.The second chapter, however, is focused on the child’s figure as a pattern for the painter and the poet, the «external child» opposite to the «interior child», which will be developed in the third chapter. The second part collects the question of the type: the portrait of the child, its issues and the importance of Velazquez’ influence. Sorolla and Jiménez share again some «common spaces» in the treatment of the child’s figure, connected to the maternal figure, to the environment and to the game. After this analysis, the classification of the child’s figure in their works appears, separated in six sections: the god child, the king child, the working child, the innocent child, the rejected child and the dead child. Finally, the last part of this study focuses on the «internal child» of the painter and the poet, which is a projection of themselves and whose goal isn’t to denunciate anymore, but to enlighten the figure of the child as a way to return to ...
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 24, 2019 - 12:48:11 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 25, 2019 - 9:48:02 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02293077, version 2


Virginie Giuliana. Regards sur l'enfant dans la peinture de Joaquin Sorolla et la poésie de Juan Ramon Jiménez. Linguistique. Université de Lyon; Université de Neuchâtel (Suisse), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE2028⟩. ⟨tel-02293077v2⟩



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