L'enseignement des fractions à l'école primaire en Chine : approches pédagogiques, didactiques et ethnomathématiques

Abstract : In this study, we are particularly interested in both the mathematical concept of fraction and such concept’s teaching-learning in Chinese culture terms. The concept of fraction is more than abstract and thus difficult for students to understand. Accordingly, this certain notion is designed for Grade 3 and Grade 5 in primary school.The first aim of our research is to make an introduction to the origin and development of the concept of fraction in ancient China and to present the various representations of the fraction in historical record.We also plan to analyze the representations and content arrangements in terms of the concept of fraction in Chinese textbooks, based on the Curriculum standard of mathematics for compulsory education 2011. In this part we analyzed two editions of mathematical textbooks which are used by public schools in the three northeastern provinces of China.In addition, we want to know the designs and practices of pedagogy by teachers in teaching the concept of fraction in the classrooms. Thus, we constructed the video-graphic data through field observations and the videos documented by the publishing company.By reviewing the data gleaned from the textbooks and the videos of the mathematical classes, we find that the the most prevalent concept under the name of fraction in the textbooks of Grade 3 and Grade5 is “part-whole”. Another finding is that the contents of the concept of fraction in the textbooks and the pedagogy of fraction in the mathematical classrooms are in agreement with the Curriculum standard of mathematics for the compulsory education.
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Jiayi Hu. L'enseignement des fractions à l'école primaire en Chine : approches pédagogiques, didactiques et ethnomathématiques. Education. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE2070⟩. ⟨tel-02292909⟩

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