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Caracterización del perfil del empresario, análisis del impacto en la gestión de la pyme familiar : caso empresarios ecuatorianos de pequeñas y medianas empresas familiares

Abstract : Family businesses are organizations in which family participation characterizes management, control and ownership, representing a significant proportion of global organizations and a large percentage of GDP for multiple countries. For example, in Latin America, it is estimated that 90 to 98% of all companies are family, constituting 80% of all jobs. In the case of Ecuador, more than 80% of the companies are family members, under the definition that members of the founder's family or the same founder, continue in the administration, control or management of the firm, there being 55,130 registered in the Superintendence of Companies, with an equity of some USD 25,976 million, a contribution to the country's GDP of 51% and the generation of 1.6 million jobs (Price Waterhouse Coopers, 2018).Data from the Global Family Business Survey- Ecuador 2018 report that they represent 90%, where 77% already have the following generations working for the business and participate in the sectors: trade, professional activities, real estate, construction, transportation, manufacturing and services and agriculture.Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are recognized as a key driver of economic development, which has been the source of political debates around the world (Liedholm et al., 1994, Robson et al., 2009, Abor and Quartey, 2010), resulting in both developed and developing countries focusing on these companies for the benefits they can bring in terms of job creation and income generation (Hallberg, 1999, Acs and Szerb, 2007, Kang and Heshmati, 2008).These companies are so different in terms of origin, structure, organization and direction, in addition to the fact that the few existing studies in Ecuador frequently do not broaden the vision of the company beyond the second generation and do not address the motivations of the entrepreneurial act, in This research is based on the deepening of a broad theoretical framework, involving cognitive, organizational and behavioral social theories, to propose the problem in the form of a research question: What are the motivations of the entrepreneur of the Ecuadorian family SME that can configure a typology of the entrepreneurial act and its impact on business management?The general objective of the research is to know the typology of the Ecuadorian entrepreneur, in terms of the motivations and the illustrative variables that most characterize them, and their impact on the management of family SMEs.For the specific objectives, the following are defined: determine the conceptual theoretical elements that allow defining Ecuadorian family businesses, as well as the most important attributes or variables that can be included in a typology for entrepreneurs of family SMEs in Ecuador; establish the main characteristics of personal, family and professional context, as well as, the motivations for the entrepreneurial act, of the managers of the family SMEs of Ecuador; Determine the main factors that are part of the business management and achievement of objectives of the managers of family SMEs in Ecuador and finally relate the typology of the Ecuadorian entrepreneur with the management models of family SMEs.For the methodology a quantitative, hypothetical - deductive methodological approach is adopted, with a correlational scope, which - after reviewing the state of the art - allows to establish initial questions from which hypotheses are derived whose logical consequences are subjected to empirical corroboration, through a exhaustive process of data collection and statistical analysis.Based on the database of the Superintendency of Companies of Ecuador, which reports 27,532 active family SMEs, a simple random sample of 1,000 companies was selected to which they were sent by email a first survey-typology of the entrepreneur and another second survey - management model. The data was processed using descriptive statistics, principal components analysis and correlation analysis.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 19, 2019 - 11:35:05 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 3, 2020 - 5:29:52 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-02291823, version 1



Galo Cabanilla. Caracterización del perfil del empresario, análisis del impacto en la gestión de la pyme familiar : caso empresarios ecuatorianos de pequeñas y medianas empresas familiares. Business administration. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Español. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0112⟩. ⟨tel-02291823⟩



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