Placement des données de l'internet des objets dans une infrastructure de fog

Abstract : In the coming years, Internet of Things (IoT) will be one of the applications generating the most data. Nowadays, IoT data is stored in the Cloud. As the number of connected objects increases, transmitting the large amount of produced data to the Cloud will create bottlenecks. As a result, latencies will be high and unpredictable. In order to reduce these latencies, Fog computing has been proposed as a paradigm extending Cloud services to the edge of the network. It consists of using any equipment located in the network (e.g. router) to store and process data. Therefore, the Fog presents a heterogeneous infrastructure. Indeed, its components have differences in computing performance, storage capacity and network interconnections. This heterogeneity can further increase the latency of the service. This raises a problem: the wrong choice of data storage locations can increase the latency of the service. In this thesis, we propose a solution to this problem in the form of four contributions: 1. A formulation of the IoT data placement problem in the Fog as a linear program. 2. An exact solution to solve the data placement problem using the CPLEX, a mixed linear problem solver. 3. Two heuristics based on the principle of “divide and conquer” to reduce the time of placement computation. 4. An experimental platform for testing and evaluating solutions for IoT data placement in the Fog, integrating data placement management with iFogSim, a Fog and IoT environment simulator.
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Mohammed Islam Naas. Placement des données de l'internet des objets dans une infrastructure de fog. Réseaux et télécommunications [cs.NI]. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BRES0014⟩. ⟨tel-02286703⟩

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